Journal of Plant and Environmental Research

Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Composition of two Agroforestry tree species

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Composition of two Agroforestry tree species Sobola O. O1, *, Oke D.O2 & Adedayo  A.G2 1Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Federal University of Wukari Taraba State, 2 Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology Akure Savanna biome is endowed with many tree species bearing edible fruits, seeds and nuts for human consumption. These fruits play an important role in human nutrition owing to their nutritional values, vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants and low anti-nutritional factors. The nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of Adansonia digitata and Parkia biglobosa pulp and seeds from guinea savanna eco-system were examined in this study. The nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of the fruits differs. Moisture content was higher (11-18%) in the fruit pulp than in the seeds while the seeds of the two species are rich in protein (16-20%). Parkia biglobosa seeds proved a better source of crude fat (13%), crude fiber (10%), the ash content was slightly higher (4-5%) in the seeds than the fruit pulp. Crude fat (7.91%), crude fibre (7.52%) was higher in Adansonia digitata seed than the fruit pulp. Anti-nutritional content of Adansonia digitata and Parkia biglobosa was generally low, indicating that their consumption would not pose nutritional or health challenges. However the higher anti-nutritional factor in the seeds could be reduces through appropriate processing techniques. Keywords: Savanna biome, Anti – nutritional, Techniques, Consumption ...

Phytostabilzation as a sustainable phytoremediation strategy for lead contaminated soil – Screening of biofuel plants for lead tolerance and accumulation

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Phytostabilzation as a sustainable phytoremediation strategy for lead contaminated soil – Screening of biofuel plants for lead tolerance and accumulation Hira Amin1*, Basir Ahmed Arain1, Taj Muhammad Jahangir2, Abdul Rasool Abbasi3, Muhammad Sadiq Abbasi4, Farah Amin5 1Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080 - Pakistan; 2Institute of Advanced Research Studies in Chemical Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080 – Pakistan; 3Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080 - Pakistan; 4Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology Nawabshah 67480 – Pakistan 5National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080 – Pakistan The contamination of soil by lead has one of the major environmental problems globally. In present study, the experiment was carried out for lead contaminated soil with four plant species i.e., A. esculentus, A. sativa, G. abyssinica and G. max that were subjected to six lead concentrations i.e., 100, 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 mg Pb kg-1 soil. Soil without spiked were taken as control and investigated for lead phytotoxicity, tolerance and accumulation. After 12 weeks of experiment, lead toxicity on growth and biochemi-cal parameters were determined. For four plant species, seed germination and most of the growth parameters were significantly (p<0.05) reduced under high lead stress. Chloro-phyll contents were also decreased with increased lead concentrations. Accumulation of lead was higher in roots than shoots of all studied plants. Among the four plant species, significant highest lead accumulation was found in the roots and shoots of A. sativa. Bio-concentration factor, bioaccumulation coefficient, translocation factor and phytoremdia-tion ratios were suggested that A. sativa with high lead tolerance and accumulation capac-ity has considered an efficient plant for the reclamation of lead contaminated soil. Keywords: Lead; toxicity; ...

Treatment & Reclamation Of Train And Track Wash Water At Trivandrum Railway Station

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Treatment & Reclamation Of Train And Track Wash Water At Trivandrum Railway Station Sarayoo K Sudhakaran and Lea Mathew Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering Trivandrum, APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala,India. Trivandrum central railway station is one of the biggest customers of Kerala water au-thority. The water consumption of railway station is about 50 ML/ month. A major por-tion of the water consumed is utilized for washing trains and tracks. Therefore, about 0.8 MLD of waste water is produced as train and track wash water in the Trivandrum cen-tral railway station. This waste water is discharged into public sewage line without any treatment. If this waste water can be reclaimed it can be reused for washing trains, tracks and platforms. In this study, the waste water samples at Trivandrum railway station were taken from three sources (Bio toilet effluent, fresh train wash water, sewage line waste water) and examined for the water quality parameters. The initial water quality parameters of the sample inferred that this waste water is treatable and reclaimable. For that a lab scale model of treatment unit was set up. After the treatment, the maximum BOD reduction was 94%, COD reduction 82.5%, Total solids reduction 98% and oil& grease reduction 99% was reported. The final effluent quality parameters satisfied KSPCB limits. The maximum quantity of waste water produced was found as 0.8 MLD from the data. By treating 8L of waste water in the lab scale model, a good quality effluent of 2.5L was obtained. By implementing a WWTP in the Trivandrum railway station 0.25 MLD of water can thus be reclaimed. Keywords: WWTP, KSPCB,BOD,COD ...

Aridity Impact on the yield and the composition of argan oil (Argania spinosa (L. Skeels))

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Aridity Impact on the yield and the composition of argan oil (Argania spinosa (L. Skeels)) Fadma Fahmi *, Saida Tahrouch, Khadija El Mehrach, Abdelhakim Hatimi Laboratory of Plant Biotechnologies, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Zohr, PB 8106, 80000, Agadir, Morocco In this study, we investigated the effect of environmental conditions on the composition in fatty acid and the yield of argan oil of seeds from seven locations following an increase of aridity gradient; Essaouira, Tamanar, Imouzzer, Admine, Ait Baha, Merght and Bouizakarne. Indeed, the analysis of the composition of argan oil showed that the saturated fatty acids varied in the same way in the fruits of the studied plants. Therefore, oleic acid increased with altitude and linoleic acid decreased with aridity. Moreover, no significant differences were found on oil yield of the studied areas. Furthermore, we compared the antioxidant activity of alimentary and cosmetic oil. The results showed that alimentary oil had the highest antioxidant capacity compared to cosmetic oil. Keywords: Argania spinosa, Antioxidant assay, Aridity, Linoleic acid, Oleic acid ...

Dr. Shishir Kumar Gangwar
Associate Professor (UNDP), College of Medical & Health Science, Wollega University

Dr. Feng Lin
Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University

Dr. Baybars Ali Fil
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Balıkesir University

Dr. Aamir Javed
EMBRYOLOGIST, Dept of Biotechnology & EMBRYOLOGY, Bangalore,INDIA

Dr. B. Thangagiri
Assistant Professor (Senior Grade), Department of Chemistry, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College

Dr. Aprile Alessio
University of Salento

Mohamed A. Ghorab
Wildlife Toxicology Laboratory, Animal Science Department, Michigan State University

Dr. Huma Qureshi
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Dr. Himanshu Kapoor
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University

Dr. K. Jayakumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, A.v.c College (Autonomous)

Dr. Chandra Prakash Kala
Ecosystem & Environment Management, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal 462 003, Madhya Pradesh India

Dr. Pawan Kumar Bharti Chauhan
MSc, PhD, PGDISM, FASEA, FANSF, Environmental Scientist, Delhi-7, India

Prof.Dr. Abdelfattah S. A. Saad
Professor of Pesticide-Chemistry and Environmental Toxicology

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

Dr Geetika Trivedi
Research Scientist, Genomics Services Lab, HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, AL 35806, USA

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

Dr. Mohammad Mehdizadeh
PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Arvind Bijalwan
Assistant Professor, Faculty area of Technical Forestry, Indian Institute of Forest Management

Minhajur Rahman
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, University of Chittagong

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1.Mahmoud E. Younis, Shaimaa M. N. Tourky and Shaimaa E. A. Elsharkawy.Element content, growth and metabolic changes in Cu- and Cd- stressed Phaseolus vulgaris plants. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:9. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-07-2001 
2.Wei Li. Study on ecological restoration and landscape design strategies of abandoned mines. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:10. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-12-1805

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Journal of Plant and Environmental Research