International Journal of Archaeological Research


Paleontology vs. Archaeology in the French Riviera volcanism : crystallized Permian animals and dinosaur skeletons in andesitic rocks, and human remains from the medieval times

Research Article of International Journal of Archaeological Research Paleontology vs. Archaeology in the French Riviera volcanism : crystallized Permian animals and dinosaur skeletons in andesitic rocks, and human remains from the medieval times Florent Pirot Independent researcher This letter details principles of fossilization that matter for the study of fossils in general, but with a preference for sites next to volcanic areas. Keywords: Paleontology; Archaeology; French Riviera volcanism ...

Villagization in the Metekel Area: the Case of Mandura District, 1986-87

Review Article of International Journal of Archaeological Research Villagization in the Metekel Area: the Case of Mandura District, 1986-87 Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara Villagization in the areas of Ethiopia began in the 1970’s and then the project took place in Mandura district of the Metekel area, North West Ethiopia in the 1980’s during Derg government. The program was practical in the district from 1986-87. The process of villagization and regrouping of communities from scattered homesteads into villages established at Dutch Alem Tsehay, Gumdia, Daffele, Dabhie, Anze Baguna, Kuter Hulet, Dukill, Babeistha and Mekesegene kebeles. Gumuz, Agew and Amhara were villagized communities in the district. But, the program was failed because of the lack of feasibly studies, deteriorating of security conditions and lack of supplying infrastructures for the newly villagized communities in the district. Keywords: Villigiztion, Mandura, Metekel, Natives, Resettlers ...

RESETTLEMENT AND ITS IMPACTS: THE CASE OF METEKEL AWARAJJA

Research Article of International Journal of Archaeological Research RESETTLEMENT AND ITS IMPACTS: THE CASE OF METEKEL AWARAJJA Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara The resettlement projects in Ethiopia have been carried out mainly as a response to extreme problems of drought, food insecurity, population growth and land degradation during the imperial and Derg regime in the 1960’s and 1980’s. The disastrous famine of 1984-85 brought equally disastrous response of Derg government which relocated peasants from famine affected north to the sparsely populated and unoccupied southwest of the country. One of the targeted areas to perform was the Metekel area called Pawie or Beles resettlement site along North Western Ethiopia, originally inhabited by the Gumuz shifting cultivators. The inadequately planned of the Pawie or Beles resettlement site from the 1984-85 was affected the relocated people and the indigenous Gumuz communities. This program resulted Gumuz communities clashed with state sponsored settlers. After a long time tension, the settlers and the host communities formed a bond of relationship known as Wadaj. Keywords: Resettlement, Resettlers, host communities ...

THE RELATIONS OF NILE BASIN COUNTRIES AFTER INDEPENDENCE

Review Article of International Journal of Archaeological Research THE RELATIONS OF NILE BASIN COUNTRIES AFTER INDEPENDENCE Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara The study clarifies the relations of Nile Basin countries after independence. Nile Basin countries are Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Egypt, North and newly independent South Sudan. Members of the region are independent in history; politics, economy and geography but tie by the Nile River. Economy determined by the agriculture supported by Pastoralism and agro-Pastoralism among the member countries. Their political development of the region was biased by the colonization and the cold war. From the time when the end of colonization and the cold war, the Nile basin countries can be attained relations in history, politics, economy and geography through the use of Nile Basin Initiative which played a role to the possibilities for cooperation and smooth relations among Nile basin countries. Keywords: Nile Basin, Relations, Nile Basin Initiative ...

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International Journal of Archaeological Research

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