Peripheral Neuropathy Impacts Gait Motor Components in Hispanic-Latinx living with HIV

Martín G. Rosario PT, PhD, CSFI, ATRIC1*, Leah Jamison, PT, DPT1, Gabriel Gines BS, MPH, CPT, CSFI2

1Texas Woman’s University, Physical Therapy Program, Dallas Campus; Texas; 2Sara Alert, Airport Surveillance System, Department of Health, Puerto Rico.

HIV can cause numerous health-related complications that can lead to disabilities and affect the quality of life. Some problems added with HIV, like peripheral neuropathy (PN), may develop additional impediments in this population.

Purpose: This study investigated PN’s impact on the cardio-motor profile of Hispanic Latino living with HIV.

Methods: A submaximal cardiovascular test (Ross test) was conducted to obtain the study’s cardiomotor results. Cardiomotor data were compiled from records of members enrolled at La Perla de Gran Precio Community Centre on HIV in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Results: The motor profile included the speed and inclination of the treadmill. The cardiovascular data had blood pressure and heart rate at the time Ross’s test was terminated. Two hundred and ninety-one participants were further designated as 225 in the non-PN and 66 in the PN group. Both groups average comparable amounts of CD4 counts. An ANOVA was used to determine variations in the PN group with a considerable (P < 0.05) increase in the time of HIV diagnosis and a reduction in gait velocity and treadmill inclination distinguished to counterpart.

Conclusion: Hispanic Latino living with HIV and PN displayed distinctive motor gait deficiencies. Gait parameters, such as gait speed, were further impaired in those suffering from both conditions. We encourage healthcare providers to incorporate the specific cardio-motor items alluded to in this investigation to identify the process influencing gait that further alters the quality of life in those with HIV.

Keywords: Gait complications; HIV ; Peripheral Neuropathy; Ross Test; Hispanic Latinx; Motor Complications

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How to cite this article:
Martín G. Rosario, Leah Jamison, Gabriel Gines. Peripheral Neuropathy Impacts Gait Motor Components in Hispanic-Latinx living with HIV. International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2021; 4:20. DOI: 10.28933/ijsmr-2021-03-0306


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