Sensory integration therapy (SIT) in the assistance to child population: integrative literature review

Sensory integration therapy (SIT) in the assistance to child population: integrative literature review

Maria Gisele Cavalcanti de Oliveira¹*; Vanessa dos Santos Nunes²; Sara Maria Xavier da Cruz³; Isvania Maria Serafim da Silva Lopes4.


Introduction: Sensory Integration is a neurological process that organizes and integrates sensory information in an appropriate way, causing the body to produce adaptive responses. Ayres created the theory and the Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT) to study this brain function and the learning disorders in children that he faced in his professional practice.

Objective: To analyze, through a literature review, the benefits of Sensory Integration Therapy in assisting the development of the Child Population.

Methods: Searches were made in the BVS, LILACS and Scielo databases, including articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish and excluding theses, dissertations, monographs and repeated articles. After analyzing the articles, 13 of them were selected to compose the present results.

Results: After the Sensory Integration Therapy, children started to have better communication, writing and articulation of words, in addition to better social interaction with their own family and with other children. The use of Therapy was seen in contexts of food selectivity and autism, helping the child to identify and organize the information and stimuli received, also influencing the Daily Living Activities such as eating, dressing and cleaning.

Conclusion: Sensory Integration Therapy has been increasingly used and required of occupational therapists, to assist the child population for the benefits generated by this approach such as improvement in ADLs and social participation.

Keywords: Child; Systems integration; Sensation; Occupational therapy.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Maria Gisele Cavalcanti de Oliveira; Vanessa dos Santos Nunes; Sara Maria Xavier da Cruz; Isvania Maria Serafim da Silva Lopes.Sensory integration therapy (SIT) in the assistance to child population: integrative literature review. IInternational Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews, 2021, 4:37. DOI:10.28933/ijoprr-2021-07-2005


1. AYRES, A. J. Overview In: AYRES, A. J. Sensory Integration and Learning disorders. Los Angeles, CA, 1972.
2. Cardoso NR; Blanco MB. Terapia de Integração Sensorial e Transtorno do Espectro Autista: Uma Revisão Sistemática de Literatura. Revista Conhecimento Online, a. 2019, 11(1).
3. Costa FCS; Pfeifer LI. Intervención de Integratión em niños com Transtorno del Espectro Autista. Revista Chilena de Terapia Ocupacional. 16(1): 99-107.
4. AYRES, A. J. General principles and methods of intervention In: AYRES, A. J. Sensory Integration and Learning disorders. Los Angeles, CA, 1972.
5. Miller LJ et al. Concept Evolution in Sensory Integration: A Proposed Nosology for Diagnosis. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2007, 61(2): 135-140.
6. Jorquera A; Romero DM. Terapia Ocupacional utilizando el abordaje de Integración Sensorial: Estudio de caso único. Revista Chilena de Terapia Ocupacional, 2016, 16 (1): 115-124.
7. Campos CCP; Silva FCP; Ciasca SM. Expectativa de profissionais da saúde e de psicopedagogos sobre aprendizagem e inclusão escolar de indivíduos com Transtorno do Espectro Autista. Rev. Psicopedagogia, 2018, 35(106): 3-13.
8. Otero BA; Angarita MM; Arias PZ. Percepciones de terapeutas ocupacionales sobre el Lenguaje y la comunicación de los niños con déficit de Integración Sensorial. Rev.Fac.Med. 2010, 58(4):263-271.
9. Ângulo V; Arenas D. Dificultades de escritura en el contexto escolar chileno: abordaje de Terapia Ocupacional y la utilizacion de estrategias de Integración Sensorial. Revista Chilena de Terapia Ocupacional, 2016, 16 (1): 57-68.
10. Imperatore EB. Déficit de Integración Sensorial: Efectos a largo plazo sobre la ocupación y el juego. Revista Chilena de Terapia Ocupacional, 2005, 5.
11. Rocha GSS et al Análise da Seletividade Alimentar de crianças com Transtorno do Espectro Autista. Revista Eletrônica Acervo Saúde, 2019, 24(538): 1-8.
12. Clark, G. F; Watling, R; Pahram, L. D; Schaaf, R. Occupational Therapy Interventions for Children and Youth With Challenges in Sensory Integration and Sensory Processing: A School-Based Practice Case Example. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(3):1-8.
13. Bellefeuille IB; Schaaf RC; Polo ER. Occupational Therapy Based on Ayres Sensory Integration in the Treatment of Retentive Fecal Incontinence in a 3-Year-Old Boy. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2013, 67 (5): 601-606.
14. Randell, E et al. Sensory integration therapy versus usual care for sensory processing difficulties in autism spectrum disorder in children: study protocol for a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Biomedcentral, 2019, 20(113):1-11.
15. Ryoichiro Iwanaga R et al. Pilot Study: Efficacy of Sensory Integration Therapy for Japanese Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder. Occup. Ther. Int. 2013, 21(2014): 4–11.
16. Schaaf RC; Hunt J; Benevides T. Occupational Therapy Using Sensory Integration to Improve Participation of a Child With Autism: A Case Report. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2012, 66(5):547-555.
17. Faller, P. et al. Application of Data-Driven Decision Making Using Ayres Sensory Integration® With a Child with Autism. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70(1): 1-9.
18. Koester AC et al. Sensory Integration Functions of Children with Cochlear Implants. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2014, 68(5): 562-569.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details). This site cannot and does not contain professional advice. The information on this site is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. We do not provide any kind of professional advice. The use or reliance of any information contained on this site or our mobile application is solely at your own risk. Under no circumstance shall we have any liability to you for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of the site or our mobile application or reliance on any information provided on the site and our mobile application. We may publish articles without peer-review. Published articles of authors are open access. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restrictions. Authors are solely responsible for their articles published in our journals. Publication of any information in authors’ articles does not constitute an endorsement by us. We make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information that authors provided. more..

CC BY 4.0
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.