NURSING RECOMMENDATIONS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF PREECLAMPSIA DURING PRENATAL CARE


NURSING RECOMMENDATIONS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF PREECLAMPSIA DURING PRENATAL CARE


Elsy Guadalupe Vega-Morales1, María de los Ángeles Torres-Lagunas2, Karla Monserrat Cano-Zamora2

1Servicios de Salud de Yucatán, Centro de Atención Temporal Siglo XXI, Coordinación Estatal de Enfermería, Mérida Yucatán, México; 2Escuela Nacional de Enfermería y Obstetricia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad de México, México.


Aim: Develop nursing recommendations based on scientific evidence, aimed at reducing the probability of developing pre-eclampsia during prenatal care.

Material and methods: A bibliographic search was carried out on the web: Medline, BVS, Cinahl and Google Scholar with the descriptors: pre-eclampsia, prenatal care, nursing with the conjunction AND and the disjunction OR. The documents with the referred descriptors were included. Two reviewers selected the articles. Conflicts were resolved by another reviewer. The methodological quality of each article was evaluated. The evidence was ranked and the recommendation was made. The Shekelle and Galvez Toro model was used for grading.

Results: 4 aspects were evidenced: risk factors, timely detection, nursing care, protective factors and recommendations.

Conclusions: Prenatal care continues to be a source of protection and control for pregnant women. Blood pressure measurement continues to be the gold standard for early detection. Nursing is a primary protective factor.


Keywords: Preeclampsia, Obstetric nursing, Prenatal care.

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Elsy Guadalupe Vega-Morales, María de los Ángeles Torres-Lagunas, Karla Monserrat Cano-Zamora.Nursing recommendations to reduce the risk of Preeclampsia during prenatal care.Global Journal of Nursing , 2021, 4:25. DOI: 10.28933/gjn-2021-11-0505


References

1. Boene H, Vidler M, Sacoor C, Nhama A, Nhacolo A, Bique C, et al. (2016). Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in southern Mozambique. Reproductive Health.13(Suppl 1):33. doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0135-y
2. Raza A, Najam R, Sheikh S, Zaidi S, Salam R, Sawchuck D, et al. (2016). Community’s perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Sindh Pakistan: a qualitative study. Reproductive Health. 13(Suppl 1):36: doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0136-x.
3. Gizachew AT, Abebe T and Tadesse A. (2015). Preeclampsia and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Dessie referral hospital, Northeast Ethiopia: a hospital-based study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 15 (73):1.
4. Alves E, Ferreira L, Castro R. (2010). Knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards pregnant women with symptoms of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) were gathered in Basic Health Units (UBS)J Health Sci Inst. 28(2):151-3. https://bit.ly/2MppOqy.
5. Thangaratinam S, Allotey J, Marlin N, Mol B, Dadelszen P, Ganzevoort W, et al. (2017). Development and validation of Prediction models for Risks of complications in Early-onset Pre-eclampsia (PREP): a prospective cohort study. GMS Health Technol Assess. 1(18). https://bit.ly/2nXH3k4.
6. Akeju D, Vidler M, Oladapo O, Sawchuck D, Qureshi R, Dadelszen P, et al. (2016). Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria: a qualitative study. Reproductive Health. 13(Suppl1):57. doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0134-z.
7. Cruz I, Merencio W, Sánchez G., Ferreira N, Almeida F, Vieira J. (2015). Maternal and fetal outcome in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: the impact of prenatal care. Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis. 9(4):140-6. https://bit.ly/2nZ1LzL
8. Shamsi U, Hatcher J, Shamasi A, Zuberi N, Qadri Z, Saleem S. (2010). A multicentre matched case control study of risk factors for Preeclampsia in healthy women in Pakistan. BMC Womens Health. 10(1). https://bit.ly/2M13NLb
9. Bezerra P, Leao M, Queiroz J, Melo E, Pereira F, Nóbrega M, et al. (2010). Family history of hypertension as an important risk factor for the development of severe preeclampsia. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 89(5):612-7. https://bit.ly/2QztC5I
10. López P, García R, Reyes L, Ruíz Silvia. (2009). Appropriate prenatal care system: the best way to prevent preeclampsia in Andean countries. Colomb Med. 40(2):226-30. https://bit.ly/2PpnFJ8.
11. Lima N, Pinheiro A, do Ceu I. (2013). Representaciones sociales de las madres sobre la hipertensión gestacional y parto prematuro. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 21(3):337-44. https://bit.ly/2MNe40t
12. Mulualem E, Fantu A, Melkamu B, Anemaw A. (2015). Diet and Pre-eclampsia: A Prospective Multicentre Case–Control Study in Ethiopia. Elsevier. 31(6):617-24. doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2015.03.003
13. Sodré G, Nascimento GI, Duarte C, RicarteM, Santos M. (2017). Assistência de enfermeiros na síndrome hipertensiva gestacional em hospital de baixo risco obstétrico. CUID Rev. 8(2):1561-72. doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v8i2.374
14. Goldenberg RL, McClure EM, Macguire ER, Kamath BD, Jobe AH. (2011). Lessons for low‐income regions following the reduction in hypertension‐related maternal mortality in high‐income countries. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 113(2):91-5. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2011.01.002
15. Vidler M, Umesh C, Geetanjali K, Ramadurg U, Karadiguddi C, Sawchuck D, et. al. (2016). Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia in rural Karnataka State, India: a qualitative study. Reproductive Health.13(Supl1):35. doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0137-9
16. Herrera JA, Herrera-Medina R, Herrera-Escobar JP, Nieto-Díaz A. (2014). Reduction of maternal mortality due to preeclampsia in Colombia–an interrupted time-series analysis. Colomb Med (Cali). 30;45(1):25-31. PMID: 24970956; PMCID: PMC4045224. https://bit.ly/2OWA2eS
17. Harris JM, Franck L, Green B, Michie S. (2014). The psychological impact of providing women with risk information for pre-eclampsia: A qualitative study. Midwifery. 30(12):1187-95. doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2014.04.006
18. Mohamed A, El-Sayed E, Martínez M, Torrejón R. (2016). Antenatal care visits during pregnancy and their effect on maternal and fetal outcomes in pre‐eclamptic patients. J Obstet Gynaecol Res.42(9):1102-10. doi.org/10.1111/jog.13031
19. Hasta SR , Everetts D, Haas DM. (2015). Incentives for increasing prenatal care use by women in order to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. Cochrane Libr. 12(CD009916):1465-88. doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009916.pub2
20. Liu C. M, Chang S. D, Cheng P. J. (2012). Relationship between prenatal care and maternal complications in women with preeclampsia: Implications for continuity and discontinuity of prenatal care .Taiwán J Obstet Gynecol. 51(4):576-82. doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2012.09.013
21. Henderson J, Thompson J, Burda B, Burda B, Cantor A, Beil T, et al. (2017). A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. 148:[aprox 35 pp]. https://bit.ly/2w1tbcH
22. Adam J, Zolotor M, Carlough M. (2014). Update on Prenatal Care. Am Fam Physician. 89(3):199-208. https://bit.ly/2BsasMN
23. Yang X, Hui C, Du Y, Wang S, Wang Z. (2016). Periconceptional folic acid fortification for the risk of gestational hypertension and pre‐eclampsia: a meta‐analysis of prospective studies. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 12:669-79. doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12209
24. Vollebregt K, Wolf H, Boer K, Van Der Wal M, Vrijkotte T, Bonsel G. (2010). Does physical activity in leisure time early in pregnancy reduce the incidence of preeclampsia or gestational hypertension?. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 89:261-7. doi.org/10.3109/00016340903433982
25. Villar J, Purwar M, Merialdi M, Zavaleta N, Nhu-Ngoc N, Anthony J, et al. (2009). World Health Organisation multicentre randomised trial of supplementation with vitamins C and E among pregnant women at high risk for pre‐eclampsia in populations of low nutritional status from developing countries. BJOG. 116:780-8.: doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02158.x.
26. Akolekar R, Syngelaki A, Sarquis R, Zvanca M, Nicolaides K. (2011). Prediction of early, intermediate and late pre‐eclampsia from maternal factors, biophysical and biochemical markers at 11–13 weeks. Prenat. Diagn.31(1):66-74. doi.org/10.1002/pd.2660.
27. Pinho A, Pamplona V, García C. (2010). Sentimientos y percepciones de mujeres en el ciclo embarazo-puerperio que sobrevivieron a una morbosidad materna grave. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 18(6):1187-94. https://bit.ly/2GExbTi
28. Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud: DeCS [Internet]. ed. 2017. Sao Paulo (SP): BIREME / OPS / OMS. 2017 [actualizado 2017 May 18; citado 2017 Jun 13]. Disponible en: http://decs.bvsalud.org/E/homepagee.htm
29. NORMA Oficial Mexicana -007-SSA2-2016, Para la atención de la mujer durante el embarazo, parto y puerperio, y de la persona recién nacida. http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5432289&fecha=07/04/2016
30. Shekelle PG, Woolf SH, Eccles M, Grimshaw J. Guías clínicas: desarrollo de directrices. BMJ. 1999; 318 (7183): 593-6
31. Gálvez Toro, A. (2007). Enfermería Basada en la Evidencia. Cómo incorporar la investigación a la práctica de los cuidados. Fundación Index: Granada.
32. Torres MA, Vega EG, Vinalay I, Cortaza L, Alfonso L, (2018). Factores de riesgo psicosociales asociados a preeclampsia en mujeres mexicanas: análisis comparado en tres Estados. Enfermería Universitaria. 15(3)226-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/eneo.23958421e.2018.3.65987
33. Palacios Y, Latan J, Rivera L, Cabrera C, Pacheco R, Cabrera C. (2018). Relación entre la presión arterial media y el desarrollo de Preeclampsia. Rev. Latin. Perinat. 21 (1). https://bit.ly/3ea6WpW
34. Prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la Preeclampsia en segundo y tercer nivel de atención, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social; Ciudad de México, 16/03/2017. Disponible en: http://imss.gob.mx/profesionales-salud/gpc
35. Serrano, Norma C; Quintero-Lesmes, Doris Cristina; Becerra-Bayona, Silvia; Guio, Elizabeth; Beltran, Mónica; Paez, María C; Ortiz, Ricardo. (2018). Association of pre-eclampsia risk with maternal levels of folate, homocysteine and vitamin B12 in Colombia: A case-control study. PLoS One. 13(12): e0208137. https://pesquisa.bvsalud.org/portal/resource/es/mdl-30521542
36. Control prenatal con enfoque de riesgo. México: Secretaría de Salud, 2009. www.cenetec.salud.gob.mx/interior/gpc.htm
37. Detección, Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de Enfermedades Hipertensivas del Embarazo. Guía de Evidencias y Recomendaciones: Guía de Práctica Clínica. México, IMSS; 2017. Disponible en: http://www.imss.gob.mx/profesionales-salud/gpc
38. Detección y diagnóstico de enfermedades hipertensivas del embarazo. México: Secretaría de Salud, 2010. Disponible en: www.cenetec.salud.gob.mx/interior/gpc.html
39. Barrera Cruz A, Román Maeda S, Rodríguez Loreto E, Villalaz Ureña A. Guía de práctica clínica intervenciones de enfermería en la paciente con preeclamsia/eclampsia. Mèxico: Secretaria de Salud, 2011. http://www.cenetec.salud.gob.mx/descargas/gpc/CatalogoMaestro
40. María Ruiz Caballero. (2011). Homocisteína en el embarazo: candidato a prueba de cribado. REDUCA Vol. 3, Núm. 3 http://revistareduca.es/index.php/reduca-enfermeria/article/view/746


Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details). This site cannot and does not contain professional advice. The information on this site is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. We do not provide any kind of professional advice. The use or reliance of any information contained on this site or our mobile application is solely at your own risk. Under no circumstance shall we have any liability to you for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of the site or our mobile application or reliance on any information provided on the site and our mobile application. We may publish articles without peer-review. Published articles of authors are open access. Authors hold the copyright and retain publishing rights without restrictions. Authors are solely responsible for their articles published in our journals. Publication of any information in authors’ articles does not constitute an endorsement by us. We make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information that authors provided. more..


CC BY 4.0
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.