Recent Articles

  • Multiprofessional Integration In Monitoring Patients With Mental Disorders: A Literature Review

    Objective: The objective of the study was to review the literature on how multiprofessional integration can positively impact the quality of life of patients with mental disorders, increasing treatment compliance and ensuring the necessary care for the patient. Methods: A search was made in the Pubmede Scielo databases, using the descriptors found in the DECS, using as descriptors ¨ Community Mental Health¨, ¨Services Patient Care Team¨, health mental¨, ¨ community health services mental¨, a total of 242 were selected, of which 49. Results: Considering that the field of mental health, aggregates a set of complex and particular issues of each being, a multidisciplinary treatment is essential to integrate all therapeutic possibilities. In this bias, it is perceived that the fight for hegemony over the ways of caring, how to deal optimally with the experience of illness is guided by an intentionality of reorganization of knowledge about the health/disease dichotomy, which is reflected in the models proposed for the implementation of actions and services aiming at the promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation of human health. Conclusion: In view of the study carried out, the need for expanding researches and the daily approach of the teams working in the multi, inter and transdisciplinary perspectives are fundamental tools for the treatment effectiveness, as well as the political action and necessary investments in the mental health area in order to guarantee better assistance to patients suffering from mental disorders.

  • EFFECTIVENESS OF KINESIOTHERAPEUTIC EXERCISES IN LOMBALGY SECONDARY TO BONE DEMINERALIZATION AND LUMBAR HYPOLORDOSIS: AN EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Objective: To report the experience of the effects of kinesiotherapy exercises applied to a patient with low back pain associated with bone demineralization and lumbar hypolordosis. Methods: Physiotherapeutic monitoring of a 55-year-old female patient from Bahia is presented, presenting a condition compatible with low back pain, secondary to bone demineralization in the lumbosacral spine, dorsal and lumbar hypolordosis. In the assessment, the Owestry questionnaires (14 points), Visual Analogue Scale (grade 6), FABQ-Brazil subscale (43 points), absence of lateral shift, hip movement (internal rotation D = 27º, E = 31º) were applied , segmental mobility test of the thoracolumbar spine (hypermobile vertebrae = L1 to S1), Pronation Instability test (positive), symptoms longer than 16 days, aberrant movements with finger climbing, centralization of symptoms in the flexion and lateral inclination movements, and periphery to knee E. in extension. Thus, it was classified in the Mobilization / Manipulation and Stabilization groups, which was subjected to physical therapy intervention during 12 visits. Therapeutic approaches were based on segmental stabilization exercises associated with co-contraction of the abdominal and pelvic muscles, passive stretching, myofascial release with digit pressure and pelvic, sacroiliac and thoracic mobilization exercises. Results: After treatment, there were positive effects on low back pain and when performing movements, gaining flexibility, mobility and muscle strength, as well as feeling of well-being and improved sleep. Conclusion: It is inferred, therefore, that the conduct based on clinical reasoning is of paramount importance for the physiotherapeutic performance in the kinetic-functional problems arising from low back pain, which contributed to the improvement of the pathological condition and promotion of quality of life.

  • Evaluation Of Murinometric Parameters In Wistar Rats Submitted To Diet Containing Babaçu Coconut Oil

    Objective: Evaluate the effects of the maternal diet containing babassu coconut oil on future generation, through the analysis of murinometric parameters during the lactation period. Methods: The analysis was carried out with 32 rats of the Wistar lineage, from the breeding facility of the Department of Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). These animals came from mothers who were isolated in individual cage in 2 groups, being a control group (CG, n = 16) with a standard diet according to the recommendations of the American Institute of Nutrition-93G (AIN-93) and an experimental group, with an AIN diet -93-G modified, containing babaçu oil (GEO, n = 16). The animals were subjected to an artificial light-dark cycle of 12/12 hours, with free access to water and food. The offspring were submitted to evaluations every three days regarding: body weight, waist circumference, tail length, Lee index, body mass index and abdomen-thorax ratio. Results: It was demonstrated that there was no statistical difference between the groups regarding weight gain and murinometric measurements of the offspring, except for the item related to tail length at 21 days. A significant reduction was identified in the GEO group when compared to the respective control (3,604 ± 1,062 versus 3,836 ± 1,254). Conclusion: The data obtained indicate that unbalanced levels of fatty acids in the maternal diet can affect the development of the progeny nervous system. However, studies for longer periods are necessary, as well as other behavioral variables to better clarify these nutritional implications on the development and functioning of the nervous system.

  • The Challenges of The Multiprofessional Team in Facing Covid-19: a Literature Review

    Objectives: to review in the literature the role and challenges of the multidisciplinary team in confronting Covid-19 and to collaborate to improve health approaches. Methods: this is an integrative literature review, carried out from July to August 2020. The data collection took place between the years 2019 to 2020, in the electronic databases PubMed and VHL (Virtual Health Library), through of the descriptors “multidisciplinary team at Covid-19”, present in the DeCS (Health Sciences Descriptors), in Portuguese and English. Results: After collecting the data, 112 (BVS = 109; PubMed = 03) scientific articles were identified, of which 100 (review = 10, duplicates = 8, outside the theme = 82) were excluded, resulting in 12 research eligible for the final sample and discussion of this work. Among the main approaches discussed, remote classes, professional training, the creation of team service protocols, the use of technology as a way to reduce the risk of contagion and optimize therapeutic approaches, disposition and guidance on the correct use of personal protective equipment and psychosocial support for health professionals, due to physical and emotional overload during the pandemic. Conclusion: Therefore, it is clear that the pandemic due to the new coronavirus poses great challenges to the entire social situation. Until then, the extent of its effects on the world population is immeasurable. Thus, it is highlighted that the integration of health professionals is considered the foundation and the most important strategy for facing Covid-19.

  • Airborne Fungi in Library Environment and Human Health Risks

    Objetive: This review aims to approach the impact that airborne fungi have in collections, mainly in libraries, and also their impact in the health of the people who works and visiting there. Methodology: The search was made with the most recent papers, with free access in online databases: Pubmed (National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes), Lilacs (Latin-American and Caribbean Literature in Health Science, acronym in Spanish) and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online), by using key words related with the proposed theme. Results: Libraries have substrates and residuals that allow the presence and proliferation of airborne fungi. These fungi are biodeteriorators that attack the collections but also can cause respiratory diseases, mycoses, or even systemic diseases. The most common genera are Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, Alternaria, Acremonium and Fusarium. These fungi have asexual reproduction by producing tiny dry spores that can remain viable by long periods on the air and can also be transported on it. Preserve collections demands control of air temperature and humidity, to inhibit the airborne fungi proliferation and thus, decreasing the risks to human health. Conclusion: The knowledge about airborne fungi as contaminants in libraries environment it is of utmost importance for the development of preventive actions for preservation of the collections and also for the health of people who works in or visit them.

  • STUDY OF PLACENTAS OF HYPERTENSIVE MOTHERS ASSISTED IN TWO PUBLIC MATERNITIES OF RECIFE-PE

    Objective: Perform the histomorphometric study of the following regions: areas of perivillous fibrin deposition; thickness of the endothelial layer of the vessels; analysis of Tenney-Parker changes. Analyze the Placental Index (IP). Results: It was seen that the weight of the placentas increased according to the weight of the newborn, however, when the variable PI was analyzed as being decisive for the development of a risk-free pregnancy, it was found that this parameter was not significant between the groups studied. (p

  • PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATIONS OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION AMONG STUDENTS OF TRADITIONAL SCHOOLS, EAST NILE LOCALITY, KHARTOUM, SUDAN

    Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem causing considerable morbidity and mortality from both acute infection and chronic sequels including chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular cancer. Aim: To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and the associated factors among children and adolescent in the traditional schools, East Nile locality. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional school-based study. Sero-prevalence survey was conducted among school children and adolescent aged 2–19 years. Total sample of 880 students were tested for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in serum using immune-chromatographic assay. Data were analyzed using IBM statistical package for social sciences version 20 with statistical significance of (p

  • Dentist Surgery Performance Potentially Maligan Injury And Smoking Habit: Case Report

    Objective: To report the conduct of the dental team in the face of a patient with a potentially malignant lesion and who had difficulty quitting smoking. Methods: We described the clinical management of the injury and conduct in the face of the smoking habit of a female patient, 57 years old, melanoderma, denied alcoholism and a smoker for 30 years, referred to the Dentistry Service of Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz. Results: An incisional biopsy and histopathological examination of the lesion were performed, which showed hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis and papillomatosis of the squamous epithelium, without signs of malignancy, corroborating the hypothesis of Leukoplakia. It was recommended that she quit smoking, emphasizing the prevention of the malignant transformation of the pathology and promotion of healthy habits. After that, 2 more excisional biopsies were performed to completely remove the lesion. The patient, after diagnosis, reported having stopped the habit and was being followed up with a pulmonologist and dental team. After a year and a half, in a return visit, the patient reported having returned to the habit. The importance of quitting the habit was reinforced and it was referred to psychology, since it showed interest in stopping the use of cigarettes again. Conclusion: In view of the diagnosis of a potentially malignant lesion and difficulty in smoking cessation, the role of the dental team in informing about cigarettes, in the pathogenesis of this lesion, and the importance of avoiding them for the preservation of health, in addition to continuous monitoring with patients.

  • Treatment of oversize and recurrent pancreatic pseudocyst after an episode of acute pancreatitis: a case report and review management

    Pancreatic cysts are being diagnosed more frequently because of the increasing usage of multiple noninvasive imaging modalities. Moreover, pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs) present a challenging problem for physicians dealing with pancreatic disorders, especially in cases where their treatment will be required. The diagnosis of a PP needs imaging with ultrasonography, Computed Tomography (CT) scan or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). In most cases, pancreatic pseudocysts are asymptomatic and resolve spontaneously. [1-3] Asymptomatic PPs up to 6 cm in diameter can be safely observed and monitored with serial imaging.[1] If they evolve and increase in size, they become symptomatic through compression of the adjacent organs and need interven-tion.[1, 4-6] Their management demands the cooperation of surgeons, radiologists and gastroenterolo-gists. The treatment of PPs has evolved considerably over the past decade, moving from what was once open surgical management to increasingly minimally invasive techniques, both by surgery and by endoscopy. Thus, many studies have reported successful drainage through the use of various techniques.[1, 3, 4] However, the absence of a large number of cases as well as guidelines for dealing with them raise even today dilemmas regarding the treatment of choice. Here we present a case of a large pancreatic pseudocyst and a brief review of the literature.

  • Rapid Prototyping – A Prospective Paradigm A Narrative Review

    Computational modelling signifies the simulation of real life layout in a virtual domain by the transfiguration of physical structures into numerical models, which then is processed into objects. It has restructured the field of Bio – medical engineering in the past 40 years. It has conceptualised the transposition of the visual to the visual-tactile portrayal of anatomical objects leading to a new kind of reciprocity called ‘touch to comprehend’, paving way for educational approaches. This advent of Rapid prototyping has opened new prospects in medical field, especially dentistry with its accuracy and speed. Rapid prototyping is an additive manufacturing technology that produces prototype models by addition of materials in a layer by layer process. With new researches coming to the fore for molding materials and the forming process of RP techniques, this technology has become trendsetter in dental prosthesis fabrication. This article provides a Narrative review of the evolution and its foray into Prosthodontics through the multiple technological options it has panned.