Objective: To understand the availability and use of integrative and complementary practices by the SUS; as well as to evaluate two of the various therapy options, chromotherapy and aromatherapy, in relation to their effectiveness and benefits for patients. Method: This is an integrative review of the literature available in the PUBMED and SciELO database, using the descriptors: “Aromatherapy”, “Chromotherapy” and “Alternative Therapy”, duly registered in MeSH/DeCS, using the boolean operator AND. Twenty-nine articles were found, 25 evaluated and, at the end, 11 selected to compose this review. The inclusion criteria were: complete articles, available free of charge, published in English, from 2012 to 2020. Results: The inclusion of integrative and complementary practices (ICPs) in the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) was through the Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PNPIC), supported through the Portaria GM/ MS no 971, on May 3, 2006. Brazil is the country characterized as a world reference in the field of ICPs in basic attention. Conclusion: However, several cases of use of chromotherapy and aromatherapy as alternative therapies to promote patient’s health, relieve pain and, among other unique symptoms in each case, were evaluated, and the therapies used proved their efficacy and safety for patients, as well as improved the quality of life of these people.
Objectives: To review in the literature the perception of ICU health professionals, as members of an interdisciplinary team. Methods: This is an integrative literature review, carried out between July and August 2020. The data collection took place between the years 2012 to 2020, in the electronic databases PubMed (National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health – USA) and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online), through the DeCS (health descriptors) “patient care team”, “intensive care units” and “health”, in English and Portuguese. Results: After applying the eligibility criteria for this review, 7 articles were selected, read in full. The results showed the existence of division and fragmentation of work; lack of communication between team members and users; hierarchy of power and ethical conflict within the multiprofessional team; and inadequate working conditions. Conclusion: This research made it possible to recognize the weaknesses experienced by the multiprofessional ICU team and to understand the main factors that hinder the team’s work.
Occurrence of Anemophilous Fungi in the Special Collection of the Agricultural Sciences Center Library of the Federal University of Paraíba
Objectives: The work objective was to verify the occurrence of anemophilous fungi present in the air and on the surface of books in the special and rare collection of the CCA/UFPB Library. To the isolation of anemophilous fungi present in the air, there used a direct exposure method, in which plates were exposed for 20 min. Methods: To the isolation of anemophilous fungi present in the air, there used a direct exposure method, in which plates were exposed for 20 min. The fungi collection from the surfaces of the books, it was performed through rubbing sterile swabs along the entire length of the cover and placed in a test tube with a saline solution. Then, it sowed the samples in Petri dishes containing culture medium. The plates with samples of fungi from the air and the surface of the books, it was incubated in an oven at 28 ºC. After the growth of the colonies, the identification was based on macro and micromorphological analyzes. Results: There obtained a total of 688 isolates of anemophilous fungi belonging to 14 taxa. Most belong to the group of asexual fungi. The most frequent taxa were Penicillium (61.5%), sterile mycelia (23.5%), and Cladosporium (7.6%). Conclusion: The Library presented an important presence of several fungal genera in its spaces, favoring the biodeterioration of historical documents, besides being able to compromise the health of employees and visitors.
Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common rheumatologic disease in the world and the elderly are the most affected, although there is no defined age for its onset. Obesity is a risk factor, with healthy eating habits and physical exercise practices being recommended for treatment and prevention. The pharmacological treatment for OA is oral chondroprotective agents and viscosupplements, although anti-inflammatory drugs are widely prescribed, they do not cause clinical improvement, they only treat the symptoms of the disease. Objective: This study gathered articles from clinical trials in Brazil with the purpose of investigating whether the pharmacological treatments used are effective. Methods: The electronic platforms used for data collection were: Scielo, CAPES Journal Portal and Google Academic. Articles published in the last six years with clinical trials in Brazil were considered. Articles involving surgeries, those that used physiotherapy as an adjunct therapy and those that used animal or non-human research in their research were excluded. The search was through the descriptors: hyaluronic acid, glucosamine and chondroitin. Results: The search resulted in six articles, in which three were used chondroprotectors and the other three viscosupplements. Chondroprotectors were effective in 66.66% of clinical trials and viscosupplements in 100%. Conclusion: Pharmacological treatments for OA showed high efficacy, however the sample of the present work was small, thus, further studies are needed to confirm the results obtained.
Sensory integration therapy (SIT) in the assistance to child population: integrative literature review
Introduction: Sensory Integration is a neurological process that organizes and integrates sensory information in an appropriate way, causing the body to produce adaptive responses. Ayres created the theory and the Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT) to study this brain function and the learning disorders in children that he faced in his professional practice. Objective: To analyze, through a literature review, the benefits of Sensory Integration Therapy in assisting the development of the Child Population. Methods: Searches were made in the BVS, LILACS and Scielo databases, including articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish and excluding theses, dissertations, monographs and repeated articles. After analyzing the articles, 13 of them were selected to compose the present results. Results: After the Sensory Integration Therapy, children started to have better communication, writing and articulation of words, in addition to better social interaction with their own family and with other children. The use of Therapy was seen in contexts of food selectivity and autism, helping the child to identify and organize the information and stimuli received, also influencing the Daily Living Activities such as eating, dressing and cleaning. Conclusion: Sensory Integration Therapy has been increasingly used and required of occupational therapists, to assist the child population for the benefits generated by this approach such as improvement in ADLs and social participation.
Objective: The objective of the study was to review the literature on how multiprofessional integration can positively impact the quality of life of patients with mental disorders, increasing treatment compliance and ensuring the necessary care for the patient. Methods: A search was made in the Pubmede Scielo databases, using the descriptors found in the DECS, using as descriptors ¨ Community Mental Health¨, ¨Services Patient Care Team¨, health mental¨, ¨ community health services mental¨, a total of 242 were selected, of which 49. Results: Considering that the field of mental health, aggregates a set of complex and particular issues of each being, a multidisciplinary treatment is essential to integrate all therapeutic possibilities. In this bias, it is perceived that the fight for hegemony over the ways of caring, how to deal optimally with the experience of illness is guided by an intentionality of reorganization of knowledge about the health/disease dichotomy, which is reflected in the models proposed for the implementation of actions and services aiming at the promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation of human health. Conclusion: In view of the study carried out, the need for expanding researches and the daily approach of the teams working in the multi, inter and transdisciplinary perspectives are fundamental tools for the treatment effectiveness, as well as the political action and necessary investments in the mental health area in order to guarantee better assistance to patients suffering from mental disorders.
EFFECTIVENESS OF KINESIOTHERAPEUTIC EXERCISES IN LOMBALGY SECONDARY TO BONE DEMINERALIZATION AND LUMBAR HYPOLORDOSIS: AN EXPERIENCE REPORT
Objective: To report the experience of the effects of kinesiotherapy exercises applied to a patient with low back pain associated with bone demineralization and lumbar hypolordosis. Methods: Physiotherapeutic monitoring of a 55-year-old female patient from Bahia is presented, presenting a condition compatible with low back pain, secondary to bone demineralization in the lumbosacral spine, dorsal and lumbar hypolordosis. In the assessment, the Owestry questionnaires (14 points), Visual Analogue Scale (grade 6), FABQ-Brazil subscale (43 points), absence of lateral shift, hip movement (internal rotation D = 27º, E = 31º) were applied , segmental mobility test of the thoracolumbar spine (hypermobile vertebrae = L1 to S1), Pronation Instability test (positive), symptoms longer than 16 days, aberrant movements with finger climbing, centralization of symptoms in the flexion and lateral inclination movements, and periphery to knee E. in extension. Thus, it was classified in the Mobilization / Manipulation and Stabilization groups, which was subjected to physical therapy intervention during 12 visits. Therapeutic approaches were based on segmental stabilization exercises associated with co-contraction of the abdominal and pelvic muscles, passive stretching, myofascial release with digit pressure and pelvic, sacroiliac and thoracic mobilization exercises. Results: After treatment, there were positive effects on low back pain and when performing movements, gaining flexibility, mobility and muscle strength, as well as feeling of well-being and improved sleep. Conclusion: It is inferred, therefore, that the conduct based on clinical reasoning is of paramount importance for the physiotherapeutic performance in the kinetic-functional problems arising from low back pain, which contributed to the improvement of the pathological condition and promotion of quality of life.
Evaluation Of Murinometric Parameters In Wistar Rats Submitted To Diet Containing Babaçu Coconut Oil
Objective: Evaluate the effects of the maternal diet containing babassu coconut oil on future generation, through the analysis of murinometric parameters during the lactation period. Methods: The analysis was carried out with 32 rats of the Wistar lineage, from the breeding facility of the Department of Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). These animals came from mothers who were isolated in individual cage in 2 groups, being a control group (CG, n = 16) with a standard diet according to the recommendations of the American Institute of Nutrition-93G (AIN-93) and an experimental group, with an AIN diet -93-G modified, containing babaçu oil (GEO, n = 16). The animals were subjected to an artificial light-dark cycle of 12/12 hours, with free access to water and food. The offspring were submitted to evaluations every three days regarding: body weight, waist circumference, tail length, Lee index, body mass index and abdomen-thorax ratio. Results: It was demonstrated that there was no statistical difference between the groups regarding weight gain and murinometric measurements of the offspring, except for the item related to tail length at 21 days. A significant reduction was identified in the GEO group when compared to the respective control (3,604 ± 1,062 versus 3,836 ± 1,254). Conclusion: The data obtained indicate that unbalanced levels of fatty acids in the maternal diet can affect the development of the progeny nervous system. However, studies for longer periods are necessary, as well as other behavioral variables to better clarify these nutritional implications on the development and functioning of the nervous system.
Objectives: to review in the literature the role and challenges of the multidisciplinary team in confronting Covid-19 and to collaborate to improve health approaches. Methods: this is an integrative literature review, carried out from July to August 2020. The data collection took place between the years 2019 to 2020, in the electronic databases PubMed and VHL (Virtual Health Library), through of the descriptors “multidisciplinary team at Covid-19”, present in the DeCS (Health Sciences Descriptors), in Portuguese and English. Results: After collecting the data, 112 (BVS = 109; PubMed = 03) scientific articles were identified, of which 100 (review = 10, duplicates = 8, outside the theme = 82) were excluded, resulting in 12 research eligible for the final sample and discussion of this work. Among the main approaches discussed, remote classes, professional training, the creation of team service protocols, the use of technology as a way to reduce the risk of contagion and optimize therapeutic approaches, disposition and guidance on the correct use of personal protective equipment and psychosocial support for health professionals, due to physical and emotional overload during the pandemic. Conclusion: Therefore, it is clear that the pandemic due to the new coronavirus poses great challenges to the entire social situation. Until then, the extent of its effects on the world population is immeasurable. Thus, it is highlighted that the integration of health professionals is considered the foundation and the most important strategy for facing Covid-19.
Objetive: This review aims to approach the impact that airborne fungi have in collections, mainly in libraries, and also their impact in the health of the people who works and visiting there. Methodology: The search was made with the most recent papers, with free access in online databases: Pubmed (National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes), Lilacs (Latin-American and Caribbean Literature in Health Science, acronym in Spanish) and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online), by using key words related with the proposed theme. Results: Libraries have substrates and residuals that allow the presence and proliferation of airborne fungi. These fungi are biodeteriorators that attack the collections but also can cause respiratory diseases, mycoses, or even systemic diseases. The most common genera are Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, Alternaria, Acremonium and Fusarium. These fungi have asexual reproduction by producing tiny dry spores that can remain viable by long periods on the air and can also be transported on it. Preserve collections demands control of air temperature and humidity, to inhibit the airborne fungi proliferation and thus, decreasing the risks to human health. Conclusion: The knowledge about airborne fungi as contaminants in libraries environment it is of utmost importance for the development of preventive actions for preservation of the collections and also for the health of people who works in or visit them.