Introduction – Eagle`s syndrome refers to calcification and hardening of the stylohyoid ligament, which connects the hyoid bone to the temporal bone. The classic symptomatology includes craniofacial pain, limitation in the movements of the head and the neck and continuous pain in the pharynx that worsens during the deglutition. The diagnosis is based on clinical and radiological examination, and the treatment of the pathology can be clinical or surgical, occurring depending on the intensity of the symptoms. Objectives – This work aims to review studies related to Eagle`s Syndrome, thus having a greater knowledge about it`s unique causes, symptoms and effective treatments in order to deal with, if not all, the most of manifestations among them dysphagia, odynophagia, otalgia, headache, tinnitus and trismus. Methodology – This review of Eagle`s syndrome was performed with a search of books and scientific articles on several digital platforms. Results – The results show that, although the etiology of Eagle`s Syndrome is not known, the disease has symptoms such as headaches and swallowing difficulties, and can be treated through drugs or surgical procedures. Conclusion – In this way, we conclude that from radiological examinations it is possible to diagnose Eagle`s Syndrome, making possible the submission of patients to the treatment appropriate to their degree of danger.
Apert’s syndrome, better known as acrocephalosyndactyly, is a pathology that is associated with the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene mutation. However, some cases may be related to new sporadic mutations associated with elevated paternal age. Objective: The main objective of this study is to show the oral manifestations, such as maxillary hypoplasia, in which compression of the dental sac is observed, causing irregular positioning of the teeth and marked thickening of the alveolar process, gingival hypertrophy, high susceptibility to cavities proliferation and dental breakdown, as well as their treatments. Methodology: The method used was referenced from scientific articles and clinical case studies. Results and Discussion: It was possible to observe that the occurrence of this syndrome is extremely rare (case for one hundred thousand to one hundred and sixty thousand births). In addition, it became clear that a higher incidence of bacterial plaque in patients with the syndrome due to poor oral hygiene, which is a consequence of syndactyly – because it is a limiting motor factor.
Introduction: The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an advanced clinical manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is characterized by host immunosuppression, manifested by a wide variety of clinical signs and symptoms, many of which are observed in the oral cavity. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate oral manifestations among HIV positive patients and to identify factors associated with such manifestations. Methodology: This article was elaborated from a literature review, firstly, carrying out a bibliographical survey about the chosen theme from scientific articles, from 1990 to 2017 and then selecting the articles that fit the pre-established objectives. Results: Candidiasis and Periodontitis were the oral manifestations found more often. On the other hand, Leukoplasia, herpes and Kaposi’s sarcoma were not found as much as the others. In this analysis, there was a greater risk among patients with low schooling, smokers, with a longer time of HIV infection and higher viral load. Conclusion: The studies confirm the high prevalence of opportunistic oral manifestations due to the infection that compromises the immune system, which causes depletion in the immunological function of the oral mucosa, making it susceptible to several diseases.
Introduction: A Pierre Robin syndrome occupies an important space in front of the odontological field, especially for its peculiar characteristics determined by a series of anomalies. Objective: The main objective of the study is to present a literary review about the characteristics of the syndrome and its various possibilities of treatment. Methodology: The method used in the preparation of this work was the analysis of articles available in digital platforms, selection of contents related to the theme, obtaining a broader and interdisciplinary view of the syndrome. Results and Discussion: Although there is no specific treatment defined for the syndrome, it is possible through surgical methods or procedures (mandibular distraction, nasopharyngeal intubation, postural treatment, among others) to achieve a significant improvement in the patient’s quality of life when he is treated according to your individual needs. Conclusion: Therefore, in the Pierre Robin sequence, although there is no cure for the pathology, we conclude that with the appropriate treatments is possible to reduce some symptoms, so providing a better quality of life for the patient.