International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews


    The Conventional Orthognathic Approach (COA) for correction of skeletal malocclusion in adult patients consist of a variable length of pre-surgical orthodontic preparation accomplishing a majority of orthodontic tooth movements to reveal the true skeletal discrepancy and obtain a precise and stable occlusion post-surgically. This is followed by orthognathic surgery. Minor tooth movements like settling of occlusion are carried out during post-surgical orthodontics. This lead to development of a new approach for ortho-surgical correction; Surgery First Orthognathic Approach popularly known as SFOA in which aesthetics is restored first (by immediate surgery and eliminating the phase of pre-surgical orthodontics) followed by occlusal corrections by routine orthodontic treatment utilising Regional Acceleratory Phenomenon (RAP). This review paper highlights various aspects of SFOA to augment our existing understanding in this aspect of ortho-surgical correction.


    Introduction: Moebius syndrome is a rare congenital neurological disease of unknown etiology, that involves several cranial nerves. The main clinical characteristic of this syndrome is the “mask-like face”, that is, the absence of facial expression in situations of sorrow or joy. Objective: This study aims to describe the characteristics of Moebius syndrome and its main implications for dentistry. Methodology: In this study, a literature review was carried out, with searches in the following databases:, pubmed and medline. Furthermore, eight articles were selected, among which three were literature reviews and five were reports of clinical cases. Results: In addition to the genetic relation of the syndrome, there are factors that lead to this disorder, such as the use of misoprostol during pregnancy, for example. Conclusion: Early care for patients with Moebius syndrome by a multidisciplinary team is extremely important, since it will attenuate the effects of this pathology.


    Introduction: Rett syndrome (RS) consists in a neurological severe disorder caused by a mutation in the X chromosome, mainly on the MECP2 gene, affecting the neuropsychomotor development. It is known too that the disease manifests, with higher indices in the female gender. Objective: This work is designed to present, through a review of the literature, the general aspects about the Rett syndrome and their principal implications in the dentistry. Methodology: In the present study was conducted a review of the literature with the clearance of information on the following database: Scielo, Periódicos CAPES and Google Acadêmico. There were selected eleven articles, six of these articles were review of literature and the others five were cases report. Results: Besides the genetic linkage of the syndrome, there are factors which aggravate demonstrations on individual’s overall health, mainly lack of adequate dental care’s monitoring. Conclusion: It is very important the frequency of dentistry ambulatory and clinical care to the patient with the syndrome, with the objective of promoting an oral health and prevent grievances to the general health, providing a better quality of life to this patients.

  • Management Of Mandibular First Molar With three roots and five canals (Radix Entomolaris)

    As we know a successful endodontic treatment requires a thorough knowledge of internal and external tooth morphology, correct interpretation of radiographs, and adequate access to and exploration of the tooth’s interior. This case report presents the endodontic therapy of rare case of Radix Entomolaris in mandibular first molar with three roots( mesial, distal and distolingual) and five canals namely mesiobuccal, mesiolingual, distobuccal, first and second distolingual.

  • TOOTH FRAGMENT REATTACHMENT: An Aesthetic Alternative – A Case Report

    Maxillary anterior teeth are the most affected teeth from dental trauma. The immediate reattachment of natural tooth fragment is a good alternative option as an emergency treatment for remaining aesthetical and functional problem. This treatment offers a conservative, aesthetic, and cost effective restorative option that has been shown to be an acceptable alternative to the restoration of the fractured area with composite resin or crown. In this case report we presents a clinical technique of reattachment of coronal fragment of maxillary central & lateral incisor after trauma using glass fibre – reinforced composite post systems.


    Background: Maintaining denture hygiene by brushing and soaking it in disinfectant can prevent Candida infections. Jeringau (Acorus calamus L) is an herbal plant that its rhizome extract has antifungal activity against Candida albicans. Aim of study: This study aimed to measure whether the value of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC50) of ethanol extract rhizome of Jeringau against C.albicans isolates the maxillary removable full denture acrylic. Materials and methods: Rhizome of jeringau was prepared. In vitro, study was conducted laboratory experimentally with ten samples tested by serial dilution ethanol extract rhizome of jeringau method with eight different concentrations. They were dropped to 0,1 ml C. albicans and incubated at 37 oC for 24 hours and repeated twice. They were grown on Sabouraud Dextro Agar medium that were incubated and seen its growth. Results: Inhibition zone extract of rhizome jeringau concentration 100% on plate I (9,4 mm) and plate II (8,85 mm). MIC50 of ethanol extract rhizome of jeringau is 2,5 mg/ml. Conclusion: Rhizome of jeringau containing β-asarone which is the major active component of antifungal against C. albicans. It was terpenoid group. Terpenoid caused porin damage. When porin was broken it would reduce the permeability of fungal cell wall resulting in fungal cells would lack of nutrients, thus the growth of fungi was inhibited

  • Tooth with Claw: An atypical existence in primary mandibular lateral incisor

    The term talon cusp defines a wide variety of accessory cusp-like structures, ranging from an enlarged cingulum to a well-delineated anomalous cusp, reported mainly on the permanent dentition, and very rare in the primary dentition. In primary dentition, maxillary central incisors are most commonly affected by this anomaly. This is a rare case report of a 4-year-old female patient with a talon cusp affecting the mandibular primary lateral incisor.

  • A comparison between three unilateral cleft lip surgical techniques approach: a literature review

    Unilateral cleft lips are considered to be one of the most common genetic and environmental birth defects globally and regionally, this review shines the light on the different approaches in treating and managing unilateral cleft lips. The different approaches are Millards Technique, Mohlar and finally True Triangle By Dr Abdullah Al Atel. The management of such deformity requires full understanding of all measures to achieve ultimate result of treatment. The Aim of this study is to come up with the most suitable as well as the least failure percentage approach among the three techniques.

  • Color Stability of Different Resin Cement Systems: A Spectrophotometric Analysis

    Aim: To evaluate the color stability of dual cure and light cure resin cements immersed in coffee solution at different time periods (baseline, 3 days and 1 week). Materials and methods: The color stability of three light curing (Variolink Esthetic (VLC); Rely X Veneer (RLC) and Mojo Veneer (MLC)) and three dual curing (Variolink Esthetic (VDC); Rely X Ultimate (RDC) and Breeze (MDC)) resin cements were tested. A total of sixty disks (10 mm diameter and 0.5 mm thickness) were prepared using a silicone mold (n=10). The specimens were subjected to baseline color measurement using Commission Internationale de l’Eclairege L*a*b* (CIELAB) color space system with the help of a spectrophotometer (LabScan XE, HunterLab, VA, USA). Following baseline color measurements, the specimens were immersed in a staining coffee solution. The color measurement was repeated after 3 days and 1 week of immersion in coffee solution. All the data collected were statistically analyzed using repeated measures of Analysis of variance (ANOVA, P

  • Marginal and internal fit of fixed prosthodontic constructions: a literature review

    Gender discrimination is the important aspect of the human identification procedures that help in the establishment of biological profile from the skeletal and dental remains and also help in the facial reconstruction of unidentified bodies. Age, race, sex and stature determination along with dental evidence collection and facial reconstruction over the skeletal remnants are the important specialties of the forensic dentistry. The present study evaluates and compare the impact of mandibular canines in gender identification and also to determine any discrimination in the canine index among the different races (Malay, Chinese and Indian) of the Malaysian population.