International Journal of Aging Research

  • Study of Variables Involved in Male Infertility Identified in the Spermograms Assessed in Assisted Human Reproduction

    Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, about 8 to 10% of couples worldwide have infertility problems and male internal aspects are the main reasons for half of occurrences of human sterility. Through the spermogram, it is possible to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze semen, contributing to the diagnosis of male fertile state. Objective: To study the relationship among sperm viscosity, concentration, motility and volume parameters and male infertility factors and to show the influence of the subject age on these seminal parameters. Methodology: A survey was conducted in the male infertility database of the Nascer Clinic (Recife / Pernambuco) of men aged 27 to 61 years, with a history of marital infertility, from 2018 to 2019. The subjects studied were grouped into categories according to the classification of the seminal parameters analyzed (volume, concentration, motility and viscosity) in their sperm. Student’s t-test was used for normal distribution and Mann-Whitney test for non-normal using the GraphPad Prism 8 program. Results: Among the studied individuals, there was a significant difference (p

  • The Analysis of the Prevalence of Diabetes in the Third Age in a Northeast State Between the Years From 2002 To 2013

    Diabetes potentiates when the body can not control the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. This disease develops when the body does not produce enough amounts of the hormone called insulin. The elderly are more fragile in not producing adequate insulin for their proper functioning, since the prevalence is related to aging, sedentary lifestyle and obesity, and these last two factors, in turn, intensify with the advancing age. The decompensated glycemia accentuates frequent difficulties in this phase of life. It can incapacitate the elderly because it increases the risk of dementias such as Alzheimer’s, in addition to diabetic neuropathy, which causes the elderly to lose firmness on the floor, the use of many medications and other problems that impact the quality of life and increase the risk of death.

  • Determinants of a Digital Divide Among Able-Bodied Older Adults: Does “Feeling Too Old” Play a Role?”

    While younger adults have embraced internet technology, older adults have lagged behind in internet adoption. An age-based digital divide has developed globally. This is a concern because digital literacy is becoming an essential, rather than an optional, skill. This paper investigates the reasons why some able-bodied older adults with access to the internet choose not to use the internet. Previous studies of the age-based digital divide have identified income and education, and perceived need, as factors that influence internet use. This paper adds to knowledge on the age-based digital divide by studying the internet behavior of able-bodied older adults with internet access (rather than all older adults) and by investigating the association between “feeling too old to use the internet” and the internet use decision. This paper offers suggestions for bridging the age-based digital divide and discusses whether this divide will continue as younger adults, who are digital natives, become older adults.

  • PSYCHIC DIAGNOSIS OF THE FAMILY CAREGIVER OF THE ALZHEIMER: CASE STUDY OF A BASIC HEALTH UNIT

    Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a chronic degenerative disease that compromises the physical, mental and social integrity of the elderly, and therefore leads to an increasing dependence on care, and almost always linked to family dynamics and performed at home. Objectives: The main objective of this research is to analyze the daily lives of family caregivers of patients with AD. Methodology: The qualitative approach was used. Data were collected in the municipality of Tamandaré/PE, through semi-structured interviews with ten family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. In addition to the interview, a structured questionnaire with closed-ended questions was applied, referring to the general and personal characteristics of each interviewee. For data analysis, the verbatim reports were fully transcribed, where relevant aspects were observed and organized into two categories: impact of diagnosis and challenges in caring. Results: The results showed that all coexistence and adaptation to this new reality modify the style and quality of life of those involved. The changes are significant and need to be understood and incorporated into the family routine. Negative emotional reactions involving impotence, fear and anger are common, besides a deep feeling of injustice. Conclusion: The study showed the need for assistance that includes all affected family members. The nurse should support and contribute to overcoming the difficulties faced from the moment of diagnosis to the most advanced stages of the disease.

  • INTEGRATIVE REVIEW STUDY: FACTORS RELATED TO METABOLIC SYNDROME IN THE ELDERLY

    Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a set of pathological and physiological changes, defined by pre-established parameters, such as dyslipidemia, central adiposity, arterial hypertension and diabetes. Objective: To identify the scientific production of associated cardiovascular risk factors in elderly patients with MS. Methodology: This is an integrative review of the literature obtained by searching scientific articles in the LILACS, MEDLINE, SCIELO and BDENF databases, by crossing the descriptors Metabolic X Syndrome, Aged and Risk Factors. Inclusion criteria were articles that had a summary available online, published in the period from 2013 to 2017, focusing on the proposed theme. Review articles, books, book chapters, opinion articles, editorials, dissertations, theses, programs and government reports were excluded, and 8 articles were selected. Results: The findings showed that the regular practice of physical activity associated with a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains contributes to the metabolic syndrome control. In addition to other important factors such as the diagnostic criteria that may vary according to the severity of MS. The criteria were established from some associations that work with the theme such as: National Cholesterol Education Program/Adults Treatment Panel – NCEP – ATP III (ATPIII) and International Diabetes Federtion (IDF), the first most used because it is not necessary to evaluate insulin resistance, thus making it more viable for the development of research. Conclusion: The study showed that there is a lack of knowledge regarding MS, since there are few organs that treat and study this problem, thus reflecting on the search for research on this topic, because the subject is little discussed, especially in the elderly.

  • SYSTEMATIZATION OF NURSING ASSISTANCE TO PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2: EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Introduction Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2) is the form found in 90 to 95% of diabetes cases characterized by defects in the action and secretion of insulin and in the regulation of hepatic glucose production. Insulin resistance and functional defect of beta cells appear early in the preclinical phase of the disease. Obesity is the main risk factor for triggering this pathology, considering that, in these cases, insulin resistance is usually the consequence. From this perspective, Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SNA) is essential for the care of patients with a diagnosis of DM2, as it ensures the promotion of systematic and continuous assistance, thus constituting a basis for selection for care interventions. Objective To analyze the importance of Systematization of Nursing Assistance in health promotion for patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. Methodology Descriptive study of the experience report type, conducted from the academic experience in supervised curricular internship, from the Adult and Elderly Health discipline in Primary Care, with home visits together with the Family Health Strategy Team in municipality of Recife – PE, in June 2019. Results With the practice of care planning from SNA, in DM2, it was possible to reach the following Nursing Process implementations: NANDA: Impaired skin integrity related to injury in the left lower limb evidenced by pain and loss of skin continuity after debridement. Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC): Will have wound healing in a timely manner without complications. Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC): Check for general weakness associated with chronic disease. NANDA – Risk of falls related to visual impairment and difficulty walking. NOC – Verbalizes that understands the personal risk factors that contribute to the risk of falling. NIC – Assess the general health status of the individual, paying attention to factors that may compromise safety, including chronic disorders. Conclusions/Considerations: In this context,…

  • VULNERABILITY FOR SELF-ADVOCATED VIOLENCE IN THIRD AGE: RISK FACTORS AGAINST LACK OF PROSPECTION

    Introduction: Population aging is a phenomenon that occurs on a global scale in developed countries. This process is characterized by a constant increase in life expectancy ². Objectives: To analyze in the current literature aspects related to vulnerability to self-harm in the elderly, based on the sociodemographic profile and the relationship of psychic factors in order to point out effective means of prevention and prevention. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review through the materials indexed in the Virtual Health Library Databases: LILACS, MEDLINE and BDENF, and the descriptors: Suicide, Elderly, Population aging. Finding 52 articles, of which only selected 10. Being LILACS (07), MEDLINE (02) and BDENF (01), respective percentages: 70%, 20%, 10%. Considering inclusion criteria: full text, publications from 2014 to 2019, Portuguese language and meeting the research theme. Results: Regarding the profile of the victims; most of them are male, aged between 60 – 70 years old, brown in color, poorly educated and economically inactive, retirees or pensioners ³. Conclusion: The mobilization of people on the subject, including actions in education and health, prevention of reductions through harm reduction, along with approaches through social media that has had a positive impact on the decline of suicide cases in Brazil. It is important to break the taboos that permeate this theme. However, the result is the need for actions aimed at reaching the population in question aiming to outline intervention plans in crisis, including.

  • Studying the Relation between lipid profile and HbA1c in elderly patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Glucose and lipid metabolism are linked to each other. It is well known that dyslipidemia is considered a major risk factor for macrovascular complications in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, obesity-related metabolic syndrome has received widespread attention. The aim of the current study was to find out the correlation between HbA1c, lipid profile and BMI of elderly patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in a sample consists of one hundred and sixty elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Glycemic control, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI) were assessed. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and FBS with total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and a significant negative correlation with HDL. Also, there was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and FBS with BMI. Conclusion: Increased levels of HbA1c, is associated with dyslipidemia and increased BMI.

  • INFLUENCE OF TAE BO EXERCISE ON BONE MARKERS AND FRAX SCORE

    In recent times, osteoporosis has taken epidemic proportions. It is a disorder that in time of industrialization and application of new technologies is starting to impact even the younger population. The use of modern devices in everyday life is resulting in a reduce level of human physical activity, consequently leading to inactive way of life and increase in number of people suffering from osteoporosis. Going beyond its educational character, this dissertation also has an aim to point out potential positive aspects of Tae Bo exercises on people with osteoporosis and potential positive effect on bone mass, lowering of FRAX score and better quality of life. The study included 92 patients with osteoporosis diagnosis, who at the beginning and at the end of the study carried out laboratory blood, urine, densitometry tests and filled out questionnaires of the ten-year risk of fracture (FRAX) and Quality Questionnaire QUALEFFO 31. The study was prospective, randomized controlled study conducted on a group of women between 55 and 65 years age during the period from 01.07.2018. to 01.07.2019. Research has shown that programs Tae Bo exercise can positively impact the greater bone mass and quality of life of people with osteoporosis. Considering the social and economic magnitude and the breath of osteoporosis as a global and widespread problem, the main contribution of this study was to find new ways in mitigating the effects.

  • Use and preventive value of metformin in geriatric women with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Objective: To establish the effects of long-term use and preventive value of metformin in geriatric women with PCOS. Methods: A search of published review articles was carried out in sites such as NCBI, ScienceDirect, Elsevier, Springer, Wolters Kluwer, among others, using the key words: “polycystic ovary syndrome”, “PCOS”, “Polycystic ovary syndrome and metformin”, “effects of metformin and PCOS“,” insulin resistance and metformin “and” long-term sequelae of polycystic ovarian syndrome“. Results: We retrospectively analyzed data specific to the randomized clinical trial of Pedersen et al. 2017, to determine the impact that treatment had for twelve months with metformin in three specific variables: weight, total cholesterol and HDL. The study was conducted in 40 Caucasian women from 18 to 39 years of age, with a fixed dose of metformin (2 g / day for 12 months), who met the Rotterdam criteria for PCOS in their genetic variant MATE1 with SOP7. Conclusions: It was confirmed that the establishment of twelve-month treatment with metformin in the randomized clinical trial of Pedersen et al. 2017 had a significant effect on the three specific variables: weight, total cholesterol and HDL.