American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews

  • Strategies for Enhancing Peace Education for National Security in Nigeria

    This work is a product of library research. The purpose was to discuss national security in Nigeria in relation to peace education. The concepts of peace education and national security were presented. The reasons for national security were discussed. The researchers also articulated the efforts so far made in Nigeria to promote national security. The work also articulated the importance of peace education to national security. The major challenges to national security in Nigeria were highlighted and strategies for enhancing peace education for national security were documented. Part of the suggestions was that elders at family and society levels should show good examples and inculcate in the children, the culture of tolerance and coexistence in the plural society, as well as teaching them patriotism and civic responsibilities to the nation over and above allegiance to tribe or ethnicity as a way of achieving national security in Nigeria.

  • Composition Style Of Modern Turkish Composer Cemal Reşit Rey

    Having been one of the first generation composers in the history of Turkish Republic, Cemal Reşit Rey (1904- 1985) is an important artist who served much as a pianist, conductor and educator. He helped the advance of Turkish composition through his works. Therefore, Cemal Reşit Rey and his works are worth to be examined. With this study, it was aimed to bring a new perspective on the works and composition style of Cemal Reşit Rey. When the compositions of Rey were examined, four different periods were observed in terms of style and composition technic: 1st period (1912-1926) was “tonal formation and development in creation”; 2nd period (1926–1930) was “ethno-folkloric formation and development in creation”; 3rd period (1931–1946) was “modal-mystic formation and development in creation”; and 4th period (1946–1983) was “back to tonality and mixed practices in creation”. He composed a total of 85 known pieces which demonstrated different style, pattern, form and musical characteristics. Most of his works were symphony, symphonic poem, suite, rhapsody and concerto.

  • Regulation Of Learning And Results Of Baccalaureat In Science

    The educational action of the teacher plays a central role in the school success of students. In fact educational organisation of teaching sequencies influences greatly on the rates success of students (learners) particularly in certified Exams. It is the case of baccalaureat [A level certification) exam (Baccalaureat: Secondary school examination qualifying for entry to university, High school diploma), Bac. A (Arts based) Bac. C, D (science based)] in science in the secondary school of Mayo –Kebbi East where the rate of global success is too low (8,40% in 2014). This study has the interest in the impact of implementation of educational pratices of teachers in the situation of the classes for the success in Baccalaureat of the students in science senior secondary school (Terminal, Serie C, D). It is structures in three parts as follow : the introduction that states the main question, the methodology that describes the adopted approaches to realize the study, the results from collected data in the field the discussion that confrontes the collected data in the beginning and lastly the conclusion that makes the assessment evaluation of this study.


    In this study, based on women music teachers thoughts about stage performance field, to detect the problem types they have about stage performances, what kind of activities they do with their instruments or why they don’t do those activities a survey was applied which is one of the qualitative research method. For this purpose, the survey was applied to 54 woman music teachers who serve in our country. In result of survey, frequency and percentage analysis’s of obtained data is made with SPSS v.17 program. Data obtained from the survey results were analyzed by SPSS v.17 in terms of frequency and percentage. Data were scrutinized and views related to the subject were presented. In theoretical part of the study, theoretical base of the research was enriched with literature review. As a result of the study it was detected that woman music teachers have concern about stage performance and social and cultural structure where they live affects their stage experiences. It is concluded that Because of some feminine responsibilities, they need more time to improve themselves professionally. It is determined that men are more dominant then women in stage experience. In this study, we see that lessons for instrument training are not sufficient enough to prepare the students Professional or private stage experiences.

  • Intertextuality and pastiche Technoques of Mark Twain Select Novels

    William Dean Howells remembered Twain as “entirely satisfied with the result of the Civil War and . . . eager to have its facts and meanings brought out at once in history.[19] By 1881, Twain had observed the consequences of the Civil War and felt that the freedmen needed help in their new roles in society. Hence twain uses in his two novels Intersexuality and Pastiche techniques. Which means an important element of postmodernism is its acknowledgment of previous literary works. The intersexuality of certain works of postmodern fiction, the dependence on literature that has been created earlier, attempts to comment on the situation in which both literature and society found themselves in the second half of the 20th century: living, working, and creating on the backs of those that had come before.

  • Violence among Nigerian Adolescents: A Threat to National Security

    Violence among adolescents or youths is a universal problem, and it is so serious that it can have negative effects on victims and their families, friends and communities.. It is a phenomenon which in practice has led to a near breakdown of law and order, low productivity due to disruption of production activities, increasing crime rate, intra-ethnic hostilities, and harassment of prospective developers and other criminal tendencies. These alarming incidences of youth violence provoke this paper to identify types of youth violence, causes, effects, counselling strategies and recommendations. In conclusion, effective counselling to youths could go a long way in curbing violence. The role of counselling in the management of behaviour cannot be neglected; this is because a counsellor is the only professionally trained person who possesses the personal and professional skills required in managing such behavioural problem.

  • Social realities with survival strategies of the protagonists

    In Storm in Chandigarh, the scene of action shifts from Delhi to Chandigarh, but the same storm of This Time of Morning continues to rage in Storm in Chandigarh. The further linguistic bifurcation of Punjab into Haryana and Punjab nearly twenty years after the first partition based on religion is the situation; political tension between the two newly carved states regarding the boundaries, water and electric power is the theme and as the capital of the two states, Chandigarh is the stage for the action. The relationship between politics and literature has been an interesting field of study. Irving Howe, whose Politics and the Novel is considered the locus classics on the subject, caste, “more than enough skepticism on the impulse to assign literary levels” and calls his book Politics and the Novel, but not Political Novel.

  • Teacher’s views on students’ cognitive modelling competencies

    The purpose of the study is to reveal a mathematics teacher’s views regarding the development of 6th grade students’ cognitive modelling competencies and modelling implementation process. She conducted a long-term modelling sequences aiming at the competency development and was interviewed after the implementation process. Her answers were analyzed by using content analysis and the views were gathered under some themes and codes. It was seen that the views were shaped under seven themes as providing the development of each modelling competency, development of cognitive modelling competencies, factors contributing the development of cognitive modelling competencies, factors preventing the development of cognitive modelling competencies, implementation process, future implementations and factors required to be fixed in the implementation process. Some strategies supporting the development of the cognitive modelling competencies were appeared from her statements. She also indicated her general thoughts about the strengths and weaknesses of the implementation process. It is suggested for further studies to utilize the factors and strategies revealed in the study for planning modelling implementations.