American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews

  • An Investigation of The Managerial Performances of Superiors and Organisational Commitments of Subordinates in School Systems

    This study was conducted to reveal the interrelations between the managerial performances of the school principals as superiors, and organisational commitments and organisational citizenship behaviours of the subordinates as assistant principals and teachers with regards to selected presage variables. The participants were 636 persons including principals, assistant principals and teachers. Within a descriptive quantitative study, data was gathered by means of three quantitatively-oriented scales to determine the tendencies of the subordinates’ evaluations on the principals’ managerial performances. Variance analyses showed that school type, educational level, institutional status and occupational experience of the subordinates were considerably influential regarding the evaluations of the principals’ school-based management attainments. Moreover, only institutional status was found to be illuminative in explicating the evaluations on the managerial performances of the participatory school principals and subordinates’ (e.g., assistant principals) organisational commitment. Recommendations for further research are offered in the light of the outcomes of the current study, particularly, in the context of re-exploring the current issues with the assistant principals.

  • Child Criminal Personality Tendency Analysis Towards a moral life and character

    This study aims to analyze the relationship between the needs and general motivation of child convicts and family conditions of children. The results are used as a reference to determine the appropriate educational model towards moral life and character. The research sample of juvenile convicts who was assisted by the Bengkulu Special Class II Child Development Institution. The Edward Personal Preference Schedule (EEPS) test is used to determine the scale of the child’s needs related to the behavior they have done. Simple statistical analysis is used to analyze data. It is assumed that child convicts have a high potential or need to act criminally, because they have become convicts. The results of this study indicate that the aggressive potential of children is classified as moderate and low. Aggressive potential negatively correlates with Affiliate potential and Nurturance potential. They act criminal because of multi-factors.

  • Influence of home and school based factors on pupils academic performance at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Makadara sub-County, Nairobi County

    The aim of primary education is to provide education at the basic level of all ongoing primary school pupils. This study was carried out to investigate influence of home and school based factors on pupil’s academic performers at Kenya certificate of primary education in Makadara sub-county, Nairobi County. The study adopted the ex-post facto design which involved the studies that investigate possible causes and effects by observing an existing condition and searching back in time for possible causal factors. It involved testing out possible antecedents of events that had happened and cannot be manipulated by the investigator. The study sampled 240 teachers, 39 Parents Association members and 150 pupils from class 6 and 7. The data collection instruments comprised of questionnaires and interview guide. Data collected was categorized, coded, analyzed then tabulated. The analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The analysis was both qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative analysis considered use of frequency counts and distribution, tabulation totals and calculation of percentages aimed at generating the data collected into meaningful groups and frequency tables for further analysis. Qualitative analysis involved the conclusions from the respondents’ opinions. The study established that most parents had a college educational level, majority of the teachers were female whereas majority of the students were males. It also established that parental level of income influenced pupils’ performance in KCPE at 60%s. Physical facilities and teaching and learning resources were also cited as factors that highly influence performances. The researcher recommended that the parents should provide a conducive learning environment at home to give the pupils ample time and space to study. Parents ought to strive to provide the basic required learning materials that are vital for a good performance in the KCPE exam irrespective of their level of income. The government should endeavor…

  • Causes of school failure

    The analysis of the problems of the teaching of the child shows that the origin of school failure comes down to psychological, sociological and pedagogical causes.

  • Engaging Adolescent Readers: Flipped Learning at an Urban High School

    This study examines the efficacy of the flipped learning model within a secondary English classroom at a large, urban high school in the Southeastern United States. To understand the effectiveness of the flipped learning model, the primary author conducted an action research study designed to answer the following research question: will students see more growth than their peers in reading comprehension because of the flipped learning model? Over the course of a month-long instructional unit, students in two eleventh grade English classes encountered instruction via the flipped learning model or from a more traditional approach before being tested on their reading comprehension. Those students taking part in flipped learning scored higher than their peers who received instruction from a more traditional approach. Although modest, these findings suggest that the flipped learning model is effective at promoting reading comprehension.

  • Rubrics 101: What, When and How

    Alternative assessment is any type of assessment other than standardized tests/ achievement tests. Alternative assessments include observations, interviews, record reviews, and performance reviews that are less structured than formal assessments and may not be validated or tested for reliability. Examples of alternative assessments include portfolios, interest inventories, work samples, journals, observations, checklists, teacher made tests, and anecdotal records. This article pertains to the scoring of these types of alternative assessment using rubrics. As the title of this article implies, creating rubrics, rules for writing, scoring systems (checklists, rating scales, and holistic) will be provided along with a comparison of the three and errors that can be found that will decrease the validity of findings.

  • The Positive Influence of Professional Practice on the Professional Identity of Social Work Major Students

    Based on the in-depth interviews with ten social work major students in Inner Mongolia university, a qualitative research was conducted on the positive impacts of professional internship on their professional identity. The research results show that professional practice can significantly affect the professional identity of social worker major students, and its impact is as follows: First, helping students strengthen self-knowledge and professional identity; Second, useful for students to integrate theoretical knowledge and practical skills and enhance their sense of achievement and career cognition. In addition, internship supervision helps students to improve professional skills and service capability.

  • PhD Students Participate in the Worlds Highest Academic Conference A Study on the Difference Between Taiwan and Croatia

    In this study, as doctoral graduate students who participated positive action in international academic presentation between the International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE2015), and 2015 International Symposium on Cultural Differences (ISCD2016) and 2016 International Symposium on Urban Construction of Rural Culture (ISUCRC2014). This study aims to investigate the impact of International Conference between Taiwan and Croatia Country. After the participation, there are summarized at detailed records, observation, analysis, and aggregate, study research of the three conferences in industry, government, academic research and training of situation. It gets ideas and thoughts to participate in international learning experience, academic exchanges worldwide situation in the region of the countries. This study found that three sessions of proceeding from the paper submission, modification, transportation arrangements, booking travel and accommodation, applying grant, the agenda of Conference and workshop, welcome reception, opening ceremony and thematic papers published seminars, site management, exchange of experts, visiting travel event, banquet dinner party they also have a significant different. This study is tangible to enhance citizen diplomacy, international perspective, and national academic standards. On the intangible outcomes of self-learning attitude adjustment, the spirit of action research, the assist of essay writing, the potential help of international perspective, the effectiveness and inspiration are unmatched. All of experiences to participants in the process cumbersome procedures login, application, registration and other detailing the process are learn. This information should help graduate students and scholars participated in similar International activities and Conference.

  • Class Size and Quality Academic Achievement Among Girls in Mathematics in Secondary Education in Kisumu County

    Female students tend to take fewer mathematical courses at higher education level due to low performance in mathematics at secondary school level. A number of studies both qualitative and quantitative have attempted to find out causes of low achievement in mathematics among females, Researchers have majorly focused on school environment, biological factors and attitude. There was therefore need to conduct a study to establish the influence of class size on academic achievement among girls at form four level in public secondary schools in Kisumu County. The objective of the study was to determine the influence of class size on academic achievement among girls in mathematics at form four level. Correlation research design was applied to examine the degree of influence that exists between class size and academic achievement in mathematics. The study was conducted in Kisumu County of Kenya. The target population of the study consisted of 142 public secondary schools which presented female candidates for KCSE examinations between 2010 and 2014, 142 Principals, 142 Heads of mathematics department and 390 mathematics teachers who taught the girls under study. Stratified random sampling technique was applied whereby schools were categorized as girls’ secondary schools and mixed secondary schools. Purposive sampling was done to select all the 18 girls’ secondary schools in Kisumu County while random sampling was applied to select 38 out of 124 mixed secondary schools in Kisumu County. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and document analysis. Instruments of data collection were validated by the researcher’s supervisors and reliability of the instruments was established through test retest method by carrying out a pilot study in 5 schools which were not part of the study sample. Quantitative data was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics in form of frequency counts, percentages, means, Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation and regression analysis. Qualitative…

  • Acquisition of New Competencies of Science Teachers and Pre-graduate Physics Teachers in the Community of Practice

    The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of the project that is solved at the Faculty of Science in Olomouc, Czech Republic. One of the key activities of the project is to find critical themes of secondary school science subjects and prepare methodological materials according a deep analysis in the frame of the community of practice. It can be demonstrated that the community of practice (universities, secondary schools and non-profit organizations) can be of great importance for acquisition of new competencies of teachers so as students. 120 skilled teachers identified a set of critical sites of the secondary school science subjects curriculum. A number of key needs of in-service teachers have been identified too – the development of teachers’ competences in the field of didactics, in the field of reflection of their own teaching activities, the implementation of new teaching forms and methods of work with emphasis to the individual needs of learners within a heterogeneous group, the implementation of interdisciplinary relations.