Dermatological Research and Reviews

  • Analysis of motor ground function in children with cerebral paralysis: a case study

    Introduction: In cerebral palsy (CP) there are disorders in posture and movement, and there are innumerable interventions, including Restricted Movement Induction Therapy (TRIMm), associated to the “Pirate Group” protocol, which uses play context and Bimanual Training. Objective: To evaluate changes in gross motor function after modified application of Pirate Group Therapy in children with CP. Methodology: Descriptive, exploratory, quantitative, case report. Sociodemographic questionnaire was used, evaluation by the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFM); Classification System of Hand Skills; Pediatric Disability Assessment Inventory (PEDI); International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, followed by the initiation of therapy. A total of 14 physiotherapeutic sessions of 60 minutes each were performed. Results and Discussion: In the GMFM, there was an improvement in the Gross Motor Function (82.99 to 86.52); in the field Walking, running and jumping (67 to 69). Already in the PEDI, obtained functional gain in the ten items of the Self-Care Domain. Discussion: Because the patient had unilateral spastic PC (better gross motor function), the results were discrete, corroborating with the literature. Conclusion: Due to the innovative character of the application of effective and playful protocol, it allowed to increase the functional ability of a child with unilateral right spastic CP.

  • Immunization in elderly people in public health

    Introduction: Vaccination is an important instrument to spread health care, especially in Brazil, available by the SUS, that offers vaccines recommended by OMS, without any cost, and with strategies that help propagate that prevention, like the Vaccination Calendar, made for the different age groups, including the elderly. Objectives: It is extremely important to evaluate and to unravel all the vaccines recommended and offered by the SUS for elder people, taking a look at its importance and how the doses are administered. Methodology: This research is a transversal, retrospective study, in a bibliographic revision form, about the immunization of the elderly. Articles from 2002, in english, portuguese and spanish, found in Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Google Scholar were used. They were sectioned in order of relevance and by their abstracts. Results: One of the groups most benefited by this vaccine situation is the elderly, who has been growing in the last few years, all around the world. The immunization of these people with vaccines against diphtheria and tetanus, yellow fever, pneumococci, hepati is B and influenza. Conclusion: Vaccination is extremely important, because it decreases morbidity and mortality that are associated with infectious diseases, leading to a better quality of life.

  • Treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis

    Introduction: The cases that involve this pathology promote discussions about diagnosis and treatment, generating numerous ways to treat this pathology. Objectives: To describe the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Methodology: The information contained in this article results from the combination of research on patients and treatments involving TMJ ankylosis as well as its applications. Results: It was verified that there is no common therapeutic procedure for all patients, so there are several forms of treatment. Conclusion: It is necessary to have a multi professional team that is directed and committed in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient, as well as a line of research that facilitates the diagnosis.

  • Promoting healthy food practices through food education: a focus on functional foods

    Introduction: The poor eating habits of large populations associated with a more sedentary lifestyle, are responsible for the increase of diseases linked to diet. Given this scenario, there is a worldwide interest in improving the quality of nutrition and reducing health spending. Objective: To promote an intervention action directed to the reeducation of food related to the consumption of functional foods, based on an intervention carried out at the Colégio Dom Augustinho Ikas in São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco. Methodology: The intervention was divided into 6 stages, where the topics on poor diet, healthy eating and functional foods were discussed. A practical gastronomic workshop and the application of questionnaires were carried out to evaluate the nutritional status of the participants, as well as the impact of the intervention. Outcome: Participants in the intervention already consumed some of these functional foods, being very positive from a nutritional point of view, although only 10% knew or had already heard about the subject. It was also possible to verify the gain of new knowledge by those involved. Conclusion: The intervention proved to be a sensitizing tool in relation to the factors related to food choices reconciled with the measure of health promotion and quality of life.

  • Phenotype and genotype relationship of Dariers disease

    Introduction – Darier’s disease is a severe hereditary keratinization disorder that is transmitted by an autosomal dominant factor of an unusual type of genodermatosis. The age of onset of symptoms is typically at puberty and equally affects both sexes. Objectives – Cytogenetically show the behavior of the disease in individuals, its clinical and histopathological characteristics. Contribute to a better understanding of the phenotype / genotype relationship of the disease. Methodology – This literature review on the disease was carried out with information searches in Dermatology books, Oral Pathology and published scientific articles. Results – It is believed that the disease is related to a gene, ATP2A2, which is responsible for coding a calcium pump. From this, studies show that some cellular structures, such as desmosomes, are compromised (because chemical signaling depends on the intracellular calcium), with a lack of cohesion between epithelial cells. Conclusion – The phenotype / genotype relationship of this disease is not yet fully understood and the disease represents a challenge for medical genetics.