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  • Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults

    This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training programme on blood cholesterol profile as cardiovascular disease risk factor among adolescents. The study employed the true experimental of pretest post test design with one experimental and control group. The population consisted of 745 students of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti. The participants for the study were 32 students comprising 22 participants for the experimental and 10 for the control groups with equal number of male and female in each case. The instruments used for sample and data collection for the study were; stadiometer, vacutainer needles, plastic vacuum tubes, vacutainer holder, tourniquet, disinfection swabs, microspore tape, adhesive dressing, rubber gloves, lithium heparin bottles and spectrophotometer. The training programme consisted of graded activities lasting for 25-40 minutes, administered three times a week for 12 weeks. The blood samples collected were subjected to chemical analysis generated for the study. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and range and inferential statistics of Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) was employed to determine how much effect the treatment had on the cholesterol profile of the students. Statistical analysis showed significant reduction of total cholesterol, low density lipoproteincholesterol, and increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Aerobic exercise training programme had positive effects on total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of the adolescents. It is therefore recommended that behavioural counseling will goal on way re-orientating the adolescents towards aerobic exercise training programme which will help in preventing cardio vascular diseases in adult population.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease & Dementia-From Pathophysiology To Clinic

    Dementia is a syndrome that occurs due to the difficulty of a patient in doing his cognitive and instrumental activities of daily life with the same performance as before, bringing him losses. This syndrome is caused by numerous primary and secondary etiologies. The most common primary cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which reaches almost 50% of dementia cases. The DA it consists of biological fragments of the amyloid precursor protein that are deposited in the brain 10 years or more, before the first symptoms appear. The period before the onset of symptoms is called the preclinical stage. The transition between the silence of symptoms and their appearance, usually due to memory loss for recent events, is known as the prodromal phase. Continuing the pathophysiological process, the stage of mild dementia takes place, when the patient has one more cognitive component associated with memory loss; follows the moderate, severe, profound and terminal phase of dementia.

  • A Patient with ACHOO – The Autosomal Dominant Compelling Helio-Ophthalmic Outburst syndrome

    Case report: The patient is a 36-year-old woman who was referred to our allergy-immunology clinic by her primary care physician to be assessed for a possible allergic disorder. The patient states that since early teenage she has had frequent bouts of sneezing generally preceded by nasal itching and often occurring when she first goes outdoors. She denies having a chronic cough or wheezing and has no symptoms suggestive of allergic conjunctivitis or sinusitis. She has not had urticaria or anaphylactoid reactions. Her mother and 29-year-old sister have similar complaints but have never been assessed for possible allergies. The patient’s medical history is otherwise unremarkable. On physical examination her vital signs were within normal limits. Her conjunctivae were not inflamed or edematous and she had no edema or pallor of her nasal mucosa and no tenderness of her paranasal sinuses. Her lungs were clear to auscultation and free of wheezes on deep breathing. The remainder of her exam was unremarkable. Laboratory assessment revealed a normal complete blood count and metabolic panel. Skin testing to 66 regional allergens was negative, and her serum IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE levels were within normal limits. Because she was suspected as having ACHOO, she was dark adapted and then exposed to a bright light which instantaneously precipitated her nasal itching and sneezing, confirming the diagnosis.

  • Advancing Financial Inclusion and Inclusive Growth in India: An impact assessment of Policy Measures

    Financial Inclusion and Inclusive Growth are indispensable for the economic growth of a nation. Financial resources need to be distributed equitably to the unreached and poor sections of the society who have limited access to banking facilities. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is a policy initiative of the Government of India in this direction. In this study an attempt is made to understand the extent of financial inclusion through banking activities in India post implementation of PMJDY considering banking growth and resultant financial inclusion by means of major banking variables such as Deposits and Credits of banks in India before 2014 and after 2014 (the year of implementation of PMJDY)

  • Seeing is Believing: The Effects of Word of Mouth on Homestay Tourists’ Behaviour Intention

    This study employs structural equation model that establishes the effect of face-to-face word of mouth and electronic word of mouth directly on homestay tourists’ behaviour intention or through homestay image and attitude. Total 521 valid questionnaires are collected both online and offline. Analysis was performed using SPSS and Mplus7.0. The results illustrate that face-to-face word of mouth has no significant influence on homestay image, attitude and tourists’ behaviour intention while electronic word of mouth has a great effect on them. The homestay image and attitude which play mediating roles in the model also have significant impact on behaviour intention. Further practical implications of the study are discussed along with recommendations for future development of the homestay word of mouth management and marketing.


    Relying on the adaptive expectations Augmented Phillips Curve approach, the study estimated the sacrifice ratio for inflation that is conducive for growth in Nigeria and found the ratios for the constructed models I and II to be positive. The sacrifice ratio measures how much output is lost in the country when inflation is reduced by 1 percentage point through monetary policy action. The outcome of our study suggests that a 1 percent disinflation accomplishment leads to an output loss of 0.07%. Also, for a given period, power of persistence effect coefficient is 0.71 on the average, suggesting that, disinflation policy has a more robust and long-lasting impact on the country’s real GDP.


    This paper takes the form of a Brown Paper on the Coronavirus epidemic regarding the observed absence of Black and Latinx Doctors as media commentators, the disproportionately high death rates among members of these groups, and societal calls to address the cause of these enduring problems. This work attempts to explain the discrepancy involved through a hyper-quizzical and culturally sensitive exploration of anthropological, cultural, historical, societal, and other factors by using a multipronged and nonconventional approach. By exploring the manner in which racism possibly informs the problem, various mechanisms that inform success or failure in different Black and Latinx sub-groups were explored. They include (e.g., acting White or Black, individuals’ attitudes and perceptions, deficit thinking, child-rearing style, honorary Whites, immigration effect, model minority, parental involvement, racial grammar, and White privilege). The looming ascendancy of both groups to majority-minority population informs the urgency to confront the problem. Determination emerged that as the rising tides will lift all Americans’ boats, raising Blacks and Latinxs’ academic and technical competency will boost the nation’s capacity to compete in an increasingly globalized and high-tech world. It challenges the paradox related to Blacks and Latinxs’ boat of educational achievement remaining stationary, despite the many rising tides of educational reforms, laws, and massive expenditures. A “NEW NORMAL” fostering collaboration between Asians, Blacks from the diaspora, Latinxs, and progressive Whites is recommended to address the problem. Critically, the need to elevate medical professionals as STEM role models for Black and Latinx children, as opposed to current Black and Latino thespians (entertainment figures, sports stars, and rap artists) or gangsters, is also recommended.

  • Improving Learning Effectiveness- Some Aspects Shouldn’t Be Ignored in Mathematics Teaching

    There are abundant educational resources in the USA, but the performance of math education in primary and secondary schools is not so well, and has lagged behind some Asian countries including developing countries. Among many reasons, the crucial reasons are how teachers teach, how students learn, and the level of school teaching management. This paper focuses on how teachers teach in five aspects, particularly emphasizes on how to improve students’ retention and understanding of knowledge, and to enhance learning and thinking abilities. It points out that teachers should constantly remind students to maintain basic facts, create assignments for students by combining regular methods with the strategies of interleaved and spaced practice, build connections among knowledge, pay attention to improve students’ ability of problem-solving, and use some complementary approaches to generate students’ interest, participation, memory and concentration in math. And also it mentions that self-discipline, persistence and confidence are significant in prompting learning efficiency. In addition, some suggestions are put forward for school education management in supporting teaching and learning.


    Introduction: We studied the incidence of surgical admissions in our hospital and the presentation of COVID patients Results: Of the 190 patients who were admitted during the lockdown period, 5 patients were COVID positive. Soft tissue infections especially diabetic foot and appendicitis were the common presentations Conclusion: The theory of obliterative emboli could account for the overall surgical presentations seen due to COVID 19.

  • Paratesticular Ewing’s sarcoma: A case report

    Introduction: Ewing extra bone sarcoma is a rare entity accounting for 4% of soft tissue tumors1 and 1.5 to 4% of sarcomas2,3. It usually occurs in the extremities or soft tissues deep, cutaneous and subcutaneous. Paratesticular localization is exceptional4. We are reporting a case of paratesticular Ewing’s sarcoma in a 19-year-old patient by neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery.