American Journal of Agricultural Research

Effect of wastewater irrigation of sweet sorghum on soil and plant

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Effect of wastewater irrigation of sweet sorghum on soil and plant  A.Almodares*1, Z. Beheshtian2 1 Biology Department, College of Sciences, University of Isfahan, Iran. 2 Former graduate student, Biology Department, College of Sciences, University of Isfahan. Iran. The experiment was conducted at Isfahan East Waste Water Treatment in 2011 growing season by using a randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments were managed for irrigation: municipal water, untreated waste water and treated waste water. Results showed irrigation with untreated and treated waste water had significantly higher biomass (86.00 t/ha) than municipal water (66.00 t/ha). Highest ethanol yield (6540 l/ha) was obtained for sweet sorghum irrigated with raw waste water. Both pH and P was accumulated in the soil irrigated with untreated and treated waste water. At the end of growing season the amount of Cd, Pb and Ni were accumulated in these soils. The amount of measured heavy metals in sweet sorghum grain, leaf and stem were significantly higher in untreated waste water than both municipal water and treated waste water. Number of coliform in untreated waste water was significantly higher than treated and municipal water. The number of coliform in grain, leaf and stalk for surface non- sterilized was higher than surface sterilized but it was less than 100 MPN 100 ml-1. Based on the results, in order to produce bioethanol without accumulation of heavy metals in the soil, it is suggested to plant sweet sorghum and irrigated with treated waste water. Keywords: Bioethanol, Coliform, Heavy metal, Sweet sorghum, Wastewater ...

Bio-stimulant of seaweed source as an organic alimentative to Bellary onion

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Bio-stimulant of seaweed source as an organic alimentative to Bellary onion: Bulb yield and Pyruvic acid levels Kosalaraman Karthikeyan, Munisamy Shanmugam Research and Development Division, AquAgri Processing Private Limited, B5, SIPCOT Industrial Estate, Manamadurai, Sivagangai District, Tamil Nadu, India. The influence of bio-stimulant Aquasap powder derived from the red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii was applied at 0.2% through foliar application on bellary onion at the establishment, vegetative, bulb formation and bulb development stage. Bulb yield and quality parameters such as total soluble solid, moisture content, ash content, organic content, pyruvic acid content, physiological loss and rotting percentage were studied. The crop yield in terms of bulb in treated plant was 31.65% over control with no statistical significant in the content of pyruvic between treated and control plants. Keywords: Kappaphycus alvarezii, Onion, Bio-stimulant, Pyruvic acid, Organic nutrient, Aquasap powder ...

Effect of storage condition on seed quality and health in jute O-9897

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Effect of storage condition on seed quality and health in jute O-9897 S. M. A. Haque1*, I. Hossain2 and M. A. R. Khokon2 1. Senior Scientific Officer, Plant Pathology Department, Pest Management Division, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Dhaka-1207, 2. Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. The experiments were conducted in the laboratory of Plant Pathology Department, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute. The experiments were conducted during the period 15 January 2010 to 5 March 2012. Nine different types of containers viz. tin pot, plastic pot, poly bag, gunny bag, gunny bag lined with polythene, earthen pot, cloth bag, brown paper and IRRI poly bag, two level of moisture contents viz. farmers’ condition (13%) and recommended moisture condition (9.5%) by Bangladesh Gazette (2010) and seed treatment with Provax-200 and control (untreated) were used for the present study. Seeds were stored for 12 months and examined after 4. 8 and 12 months of storage. Among the nine containers, tin pot was found better in respect of moisture content, germination, mean germination time, vigour index and 1000- seed weight. Health condition of seeds was also superior compared to other containers. The poorest performance was observed in earthen pot regarding moisture content, germination, mean germination time, vigour index, 1000- seed weight and seed borne infection. The findings of the present study also reveal that recommended moisture content was better than farmers’ condition. Provax-200 treated seed also resulted better performance than non treated seed. So, Quality of jute seeds can be maintained by storage in tin pot with provax-200 treated and recommendation moisture content (9.5%). Keywords: Effect, storage container, seed quality and health ...

Integrated weed (Orobanche crenata) management on faba bean

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Integrated weed (Orobanche crenata) management on faba bean Mekonnen Misganaw Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, North Wollo, Ethiopia In Ethiopia pulse crops are widely grown and Faba bean (Vicia faba L., 2n=12) is an old world grain legume of the family Leguminasae. This crop is one of the major pulses grown in the highlands of Ethiopia ranging from 1800-3000 m.a.s.l receiving an annual rainfall of 700-1100 mm, and the country is now considered as one of the secondary centers of genetic diversity. In eastern Amhara region high lands, faba bean is cultivated widely and thought to be an area for the largest collection of faba bean landraces. The production of faba bean is declined from year to year due to various production constraints such as diseases, soil acidity and weeds, particularly root parasitic weeds Broomrape (Orobanche species). These parasitic weeds cause very high levels of crop damage in terms of both yield and quality. Yield losses due to Orobanche weed ranges from 5 to 100% depending on the level of infestation and environmental conditions. Orobanche species are root parasitic flowering plants lack of leaves and totally dependent on their hosts for their life cycle. The parasitic is on a wide range of food legumes such as faba bean, field pea, lentil, vetch, Solanaceae crops, oil crops and root crops. The severe invasion of legume crops, especially faba bean and field pea are by Orobanche crenata. The physical attachment and the damage of the weed are under ground. The weed disperses by wind, flood, birds, animals, crop seeds, humans and farm machinery. It is propagated by seeds which can remain dormant and survive and able to viable in the soil for more than 20 years. Due to the complete devastation of faba bean by Orobanche crenata, ...

Organoleptic Properties And Proximate Composition Of Some Potato Genotypes

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Organoleptic Properties And Proximate Composition Of Some Orange-fleshed Sweet Potato Genotypes Kelechukwu, E. C.1; Onu, O. O.2 and Ojimelukwe, P. C.3 1 National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike Nigeria 2 Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria 3 Department of Food Science and Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria The outstanding features of Orange-fleshed sweet potatoes (OFSP) are the nutritional and sensory versatility in terms of its micronutrient contents and wide range of colours, taste and mouth feel. This study was carried out to evaluate the organoleptic properties and proximate composition of some Orange-fleshed sweet potato genotypes viz: Umuspo1, Umuspo3 and Ex-Igbariam. Estimation of moisture, ash, crude fibre, fat, protein and energy value was conducted using standard AOAC procedures. Twenty-eight sensory assessors were used to evaluate some sensory (organoleptic) attributes such as colour, aroma, taste, mouth feel and general acceptability of chips and shake made from the OFSP genotypes. Proximate analysis result showed that moisture content varied from 68.137 - 61.235%, 4.23 - 5.54% for protein, 0.542 - 1.265% for fat, 1.22 -2.25% for crude fibre, and 1.189 - 1.677 % for ash. The energy value ranged from 392.906 %- Umuspo1 to 390.74%-Ex-Igbariam. % moisture content and dry matter differed significantly with varieties (P < 0.05). The highest values of vitamin C, B3 and B2 were 24.03 mg/g (Umuspo3), 0.324 mg/g (Umuspo3) and 0.028 mg/g (Ex-Igbariam), respectively. The experimental OFSP genotypes had higher value of calcium than the other mineral content. Chips and shake prepared from the experimental OFSP genotypes were generally accepted for consumption and could serve for use as chips and shake. Keywords: Orange-fleshed Sweetpotato, Proximate Composition, Energy Value, Organoleptic Properties ...

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. Hongmei YANG. A study on the Management Mode of Modern Vocational Education in China. Global journal of Economics and Business Administration, 2018, 3: 10.DOI: 10.28933/gjeba-2018-07-2301 

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fees: We do not charge any submission charges, but authors are required to pay publication fees after their manuscripts are accepted for publication. For authors who receive our invitations, please send us the invitation code to receive the special discount.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly.

Withdrawal Policy: When you want to withdraw an article, please contact us. We will withdraw/retract it from our system after reviewing your request.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/Disclaimer/Other Policies: you agree that by using or receiving our services, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies.

About the journal
The journal is hosted by eSciPub LLC. Our aim is to provide a platform that encourages publication of the most recent research and reviews for authors from all countries.

About the publisher
eSciPub LLC is a publisher to support Open Access initiative located in Houston, Texas, USA. It is a member of the largest community of professional publishers in the United States: the Independent Book Publishers Association. It hosts more than 100 Open Access journals in Medicine, Business & Economics, Agriculture, Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Education, Physical Sciences, Sociology, and Engineering and Technology.

Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions shortly.

American Journal of Agricultural Research