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INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN ASSISTING PATIENTS IN AN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

Research Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN ASSISTING PATIENTS IN AN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: A LITERATURE REVIEW Brenna Santos Batista¹*, Caroline Santana Santos², João Adriano Correia Santos³, Rodolfo Silva Oliveira4, Bianca Silva Oliveira5 UFS¹, UFS², UniAGES³, UFS4, UFS5 Objectives: To review in the literature the perception of ICU health professionals, as members of an interdisciplinary team. Methods: This is an integrative literature review, carried out between July and August 2020. The data collection took place between the years 2012 to 2020, in the electronic databases PubMed (National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health - USA) and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online), through the DeCS (health descriptors) “patient care team”, “intensive care units” and “health”, in English and Portuguese. Results: After applying the eligibility criteria for this review, 7 articles were selected, read in full. The results showed the existence of division and fragmentation of work; lack of communication between team members and users; hierarchy of power and ethical conflict within the multiprofessional team; and inadequate working conditions. Conclusion: This research made it possible to recognize the weaknesses experienced by the multiprofessional ICU team and to understand the main factors that hinder the team's work. Keywords: Intensive care unit. Patient care team. Cheers ...

ASSESSMENT OF THE PROFILE OF PATIENTS AFFECTED BY ACCIDENT BRAIN VASCULAR

Review Article of Journal of Stroke Research ASSESSMENT OF THE PROFILE OF PATIENTS AFFECTED BY ACCIDENT BRAIN VASCULAR Cintia Justino Rabelo¹; Mariana Gomes Vidal Sampaio¹; Lívia Caroline Alexandre de Araújo²; Rafael Artur de Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá² ¹Catholic University Center of Quixadá, 63900-257, Quixadá Ceará, Brasil. ²Laboratory of Molecular Biology (BioMol), Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50740-540, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is defined as a neurological disease capable of debilitating or leading to death. It develops through the obstruction or rupture of a blood vessel, causing the tissues around the lesion to lack oxygen and compatible substrates for correct functioning. The aforementioned pathology is a case of great concern for public health worldwide. Every year, about 17 million individuals are affected by stroke and 6.5 million of these patients die, leaving 26 million with sequelae and/or permanently incapacitated. The risk factors for the onset of stroke are divided into two classes, the first of which comprises the non-modifiable, which include age, color, ethnicity and heredity, and the second, the modifiable ones: arterial hypertension, cardiovascular pathologies, dyslipidemias, overweight, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcoholism, high hematocrit/inflammatory process, periodontal disease and antiphospholipid antibody. Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor, with about 80% of the cause among the types of stroke. The prevention of stroke in relation to risk factors consists of small daily and consecutive gestures. Adhering to a good diet is essential, this action will prevent overweight and facilitate the reduction of cholesterol, as well as the practice of daily physical activities is extremely important to keep away from sedentary lifestyle. There are many risk factors, although there is more emphasis on high hypertension, diabetes mellitus and smoking. Keywords: cerebrovascular diseases; characterization; risk factors; ...

Occurrence of Anemophilous Fungi in the Special Collection of the Agricultural Sciences Center Library of the Federal University of Paraíba

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Occurrence of Anemophilous Fungi in the Special Collection of the Agricultural Sciences Center Library of the Federal University of Paraíba Rogério Pereira da Silva1*; Lívia Caroline Alexandre de Araújo1; Rafael Artur de Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá2 ; Loise Araujo Costa1 1Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Paraíba – CCA/UFPB 2Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – CCS/UFPE Objectives: The work objective was to verify the occurrence of anemophilous fungi present in the air and on the surface of books in the special and rare collection of the CCA/UFPB Library. To the isolation of anemophilous fungi present in the air, there used a direct exposure method, in which plates were exposed for 20 min. Methods: To the isolation of anemophilous fungi present in the air, there used a direct exposure method, in which plates were exposed for 20 min. The fungi collection from the surfaces of the books, it was performed through rubbing sterile swabs along the entire length of the cover and placed in a test tube with a saline solution. Then, it sowed the samples in Petri dishes containing culture medium. The plates with samples of fungi from the air and the surface of the books, it was incubated in an oven at 28 ºC. After the growth of the colonies, the identification was based on macro and micromorphological analyzes. Results: There obtained a total of 688 isolates of anemophilous fungi belonging to 14 taxa. Most belong to the group of asexual fungi. The most frequent taxa were Penicillium (61.5%), sterile mycelia (23.5%), and Cladosporium (7.6%). Conclusion: The Library presented an important presence of several fungal genera in its spaces, favoring the biodeterioration of historical documents, besides being able to compromise the health of employees and visitors ...

INCIDENCE OF HYPOTENSION AND ASSOCIATED-RISK FACTORS IN EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA WITH 2% LIDOCAINE AND EPINEPHRINE DURING ELECTIVE CESAREAN SECTION, EFFICACY AND SAFETY ASSESSMENT

Research article of Global Journal of Anesthesia and Clinical Research Incidence of Hypotension and Associated-risk Factors in Epidural Anesthesia With 2% Lidocaine and Epinephrine During Elective Cesarean Section, Efficacy and Safety Assessment Bizimana Prudence, Minghao Liu, Bin Wang Department of Anesthesiology, first affiliated hospital, Chongqing Medical University, China Background: Cesarean section is a worldwide common surgery that requires anesthetic techniques. Many local anesthetics are being now used, but are associated with, dose- dependent and at different level, some side effects including toxicity. Hypotension was described as the first and threat side effect associated to neuraxial techniques. Despite many preventive strategies, it continues to challenge anesthesia providers around the world. Lidocaine was found to be less toxic compared with others commonly used and has been recommended for anesthesia procedures requiring large dose of local anesthetic including epidural anesthesia. The main purpose of this research was to determine the incidence of hypotension and identify the possible risk factors associated with it and thus, assess the efficacy and safety when lidocaine is applied together with epinephrine, in epidural anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Materials and methods: This retrospective observational institutional-based study, recruited 612 parturients who underwent elective cesarean section under epidural anesthesia with 2% lidocaine and 1/200000 epinephrine, at 1st affiliated hospital of Chongqing Medical University in 2019. Exclusion criteria included any contraindication to elective cesarean section delivery, general anesthesia, baseline systolic blood pressure < 100mmh and > 140 mm hg, gestational age < 37 weeks and > 42 weeks etc. SPSS 26.0 version and different appropriated tests were used for statistical analysis. P value < 0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. Results: The hypotension incidence was 13.2%, and identified factors associated with it were Baseline Systolic Blood Pressure < 120mmhg, gestational age < 40 weeks, maternal body weight ≤ 60 kg and ...

EFFECTIVENESS OF CONDROPROTECTORS IN TREATING OSTEOARTHRITIS: A BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW

Review Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews EFFECTIVENESS OF CONDROPROTECTORS IN TREATING OSTEOARTHRITIS: A BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW Alana Gomes de Souza1*, Malu Avila Sobrinho de Vasconcelos2, Nathalia Moura Fernandes2, Cintia Justino Rabelo3, Bruno Souza dos Santos4, Marta Maria de França Fonteles1 1Universidade Federal do Ceará;2Centro Universitário Farias de Brito;3Centro Universitário Católica de Quixadá;4 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common rheumatologic disease in the world and the elderly are the most affected, although there is no defined age for its onset. Obesity is a risk factor, with healthy eating habits and physical exercise practices being recommended for treatment and prevention. The pharmacological treatment for OA is oral chondroprotective agents and viscosupplements, although anti-inflammatory drugs are widely prescribed, they do not cause clinical improvement, they only treat the symptoms of the disease. Objective: This study gathered articles from clinical trials in Brazil with the purpose of investigating whether the pharmacological treatments used are effective. Methods: The electronic platforms used for data collection were: Scielo, CAPES Journal Portal and Google Academic. Articles published in the last six years with clinical trials in Brazil were considered. Articles involving surgeries, those that used physiotherapy as an adjunct therapy and those that used animal or non-human research in their research were excluded. The search was through the descriptors: hyaluronic acid, glucosamine and chondroitin. Results: The search resulted in six articles, in which three were used chondroprotectors and the other three viscosupplements. Chondroprotectors were effective in 66.66% of clinical trials and viscosupplements in 100%. Conclusion: Pharmacological treatments for OA showed high efficacy, however the sample of the present work was small, thus, further studies are needed to confirm the results obtained. Keywords: Osteoarthritis. Chondroprotectors. Viscosupplement ...

Sensory integration therapy (SIT) in the assistance to child population: integrative literature review

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Sensory integration therapy (SIT) in the assistance to child population: integrative literature review Maria Gisele Cavalcanti de Oliveira¹*; Vanessa dos Santos Nunes²; Sara Maria Xavier da Cruz³; Isvania Maria Serafim da Silva Lopes4. ¹ UFPE; ² UFPE; ³ UFPE; 4 UFPE. Introduction: Sensory Integration is a neurological process that organizes and integrates sensory information in an appropriate way, causing the body to produce adaptive responses. Ayres created the theory and the Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT) to study this brain function and the learning disorders in children that he faced in his professional practice. Objective: To analyze, through a literature review, the benefits of Sensory Integration Therapy in assisting the development of the Child Population. Methods: Searches were made in the BVS, LILACS and Scielo databases, including articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish and excluding theses, dissertations, monographs and repeated articles. After analyzing the articles, 13 of them were selected to compose the present results. Results: After the Sensory Integration Therapy, children started to have better communication, writing and articulation of words, in addition to better social interaction with their own family and with other children. The use of Therapy was seen in contexts of food selectivity and autism, helping the child to identify and organize the information and stimuli received, also influencing the Daily Living Activities such as eating, dressing and cleaning. Conclusion: Sensory Integration Therapy has been increasingly used and required of occupational therapists, to assist the child population for the benefits generated by this approach such as improvement in ADLs and social participation. Keywords: Child; Systems integration; Sensation; Occupational therapy ...