eSciPub Journals

Top Journals

Methemoglobinemia – A review and recommendation for management – Acute methemoglobinemia with hemolytic anemia following suicidal use of aniline based substance

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Methemoglobinemia - A review and recommendation for management - Acute methemoglobinemia with hemolytic anemia following suicidal use of aniline based substance Jakub Nożewski MD1*, Maria Klopocka Prof1, Klara Nicpon-Nozewska PhD2, Jakub Konieczny MD2 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Emergency Department, Torun, Poland. 2Faculty of Health Science, Department and Clinic of Geriatrics, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland. Methemoglobinemia is a rare disease classification related with congenital or acquired (usually iatrogenic) hemoglobin oxygenation disorder. Despite the fact that number of potentially methemoglobin forming agents is very long, methemoglobinemia is still a case-report of patients admitting to the Emergency Departments. The patient was brought after consuming resin hardener for suicidal purposes from the Center of lower reference to the hospital Emergency Department with suspected burns of the gastrointestinal tract. The patient presented cyanosis, dyspnoea and brown-colored urine on admission. Keywords: Methemoglobinemia; management ...

Giant Cell Tumor of Bone, current treatments, and potential therapeutic alternatives

Review Article of American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews Giant Cell Tumor of Bone, current treatments, and potential therapeutic alternatives Estrada-Villaseñor E.,1 Meneses A.,2 Valdés-Flores M.,3 Coutiño-Alcaraz JM.,4 Linares-González LM.,5 Olivos Meza A.,6 Ostoa-Saloma P.,7 Delgado Cedillo EA.,8 Landa Solís C.9 1National Institute of Rehabilitation. Pathology Service. Mexico City, México. 2National Cancer Institute. Managing Director. Mexico City, Mexico. 3National Institute of Rehabilitation. Assistant Manager Clinical Research in genetic service. Mexico City, México. 4National Institute of Rehabilitation. Pathology Service. Mexico City, Mexico. 5National Institute of Rehabilitation. Bone Tumors Service. Mexico City, Mexico. 6National Institute of Rehabilitation. Arthroscopy Service. Mexico City, México. 7Postgraduate degree in Biological Sciences, National Autonomous University of Mexico, University City, Mexico, Mexico City. 8National Institute of Rehabilitation. Bone Tumors Service. Mexico City, Mexico. 9National Institute of Rehabilitation. Tissue Engineering and Cell Therapy Unit. Mexico City, Mexico. Giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a primary bone tumor, locally aggressive. For many, a GCTB is considered a tumor with an unpredictable behavior, particularly regarding recurrences, pulmonary implants, and the possibility of primary malignancy. In terms of risk of recurrence, it is known that it is associated with the type of treatment used initially for the GCTB. The greater the number or recurrences, the greater the risk of pulmonary implants, and the greater the risk of malignant degeneration. Therefore, much of the prognosis of this tumor could be related to the type of initial treatment. Hence the importance of the treatment theme. This review includes a comparison between the various modalities for treatment in GCTB, considering the advantages and disadvantages of each one. Existing GCTB treatments are not 100% safe and effective at the same time. and this is the reason why the search for other treatment modalities should continue to offer a better oncologic and functional outcome to ...

Forecast of Highway Subgrade Settlement Based on Improved BP Neural Network

Research Article of Scientific Research and Reviews Forecast of Highway Subgrade Settlement Based on Improved BP Neural Network Shengxiang Ma China Academy of Safety Science and Technology, Beijing, China In order to improve the feasibility and accuracy of the roadbed settlement prediction model, the factor analysis method is combined with the BP neural network method, and an improved BP neural network roadbed settlement prediction model is proposed. Select example data to test the improved BP neural network roadbed settlement prediction model. The test results: The relative average error of the 10 sets of training samples’ predicted and actual roadbed settlements was 4.287%, and the roads of five predicted samples The relative error of subgrade settlement is 1.79%, 1.93%, 6.62%, 7.19%, 4.05%, all less than 10%, which proves that the improved BP neural network prediction model has good prediction accuracy. Keywords: Roadbed settlement; Factor analysis method; BP neural network; Simulation prediction ...

Build-Operate-Transfer Model and Its Role in Developing Railways Transport Section in Sudan

Review Article of American Journal of Transportation and Logistics Build-Operate-Transfer Model and Its Role in Developing Railways Transport Section in Sudan Omar Ismail Omar Mohammad Sudan University of Science and Technology. This paper focuses on a solution to the finance restrictions that obstacle the development of railways section in Sudan. Sudan is a big country with an area estimated at more than 1,800,000 km2. It owns variety of natural and other resources. The transportation system in Sudan specially railways suffers a lot of restrictions that affect its contribution to the national economy. Sudan railways is one of the longest railways in Africa with about 5,000 km. Railways were the earliest mechanical means of transport to be introduced in Sudan. The construction of the first railway line started in the last decade of the Nineteen century. Railways have been playing a significant role in transportation for long time. However, railways in Sudan lack passengers’ trains recently. Moreover, the capacity of freight trains is enough to meet just 10% of needed capacity. Also, most of the rails are very old and exceeded their expire date; and as the result a lot of derailments had been occurred. Also, most of the rail on the western lines are not suited to all of the diesels. Moreover, most sleepers are creosoted wood which differ from that used in the neighboring countries that use steel or concrete. And to overcome all these issues, there is a huge need of finance. However, lacking of finance is one of the main restrictions that face the development of railways section in Sudan. And, in spite of that, the Build Operate-Transport (BOT) approach could be the best option to deal with the current situation that faces railways section in Sudan. Build-Operate-Transport Approach (BOT) is a well-known method of initiating, financing ...

Image Restoration for University Leaders’ Public Health COVID-19 Response: A Case Study of Notre Dame

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Image Restoration for University Leaders’ Public Health COVID-19 Response: A Case Study of Notre Dame R. Tyler Spradley, Ph.D. Department of Languages, Cultures, and Communication, Stephen F. Austin State University Do as I say, not as I do is a common phrase that applies to the case of Notre Dame’s president as he began the Fall 2020 semester chastising students for gathering in large groups off campus leading to the spread of COVID-19 while he, just a month later, gathered unmasked in the U.S. White House Rose Garden to celebrate the nomination of a Notre Dame alum to the Supreme Court.  This study draws upon image restoration strategies in crisis response literature to examine Notre Dame and its president’s public response to both the two-week move to remote education in Fall 2020 following COVID-19 outbreak among its students and the unmasked attendance to an event that resulted in Notre Dame’s president testing positive for COVID-19.  Overall, evasion of responsibility and corrective action typified the university’s response to students’ behaviors that led to public health risk, but mortification along with contradictory messages evading responsibility typified the individual response of the university’s president that led to public health risk.  Of interest to the case is the lack of religious appeal intertwined in the  image restoration strategies used in the president’s apology yet the use of religious appeal in the university’s accusations against student public health behavior.  Given that Notre Dame is a religiously affiliated university and the president is clergy, the inconsistent use of religious appeal may undermine the image restoration rhetoric of the president. Keywords: COVID-19, crisis response, image restoration, university public health response ...

Non-Contact Respiratory Rate Monitoring with raybaby in an NICU: An Observational Study

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Non-Contact Respiratory Rate Monitoring with raybaby in an NICU: An Observational Study Aardra Kannan Ambili1*, Prof. Dr. R. Kishore Kumar2, Anjali Palliyil Rajan3, Adrija Nag4, Sanchi Poovaya5 1CTO & Cofounder, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. 2Senior Consultant Neonatologist, Cloudnine Hospitals, 1533, 1st Floor, 9th Main Road, JayaNagar 1st Block, Jaya Nagar East, Jayanagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India-560011. 3Head- Clinical Intelligence & Applications, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. 4Product Associate, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. 5COO & Cofounder, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. Objectives: This study aimed at evaluating the reliability of respiratory rate obtained by a non-contact technology with respect to a medically validated monitor among preterm babies. Design: This observational study compared the respiratory rates from raybaby’s non-contact technology and FDA approved Earlysense unit for the same instants of time through 760 hours of monitoring. 18 preterm babies in the NICU of a paediatric specialty hospital in India were considered for the study. The raybaby device was installed in front of the incubator and the contact-free FDA approved device was placed below the mattress of the incubator. The Respiratory Rate monitored was displayed on the device’s monitoring screen. Respiratory rates from both devices were compared to calculate the agreement between the values. Correlation, Accuracy, Hit Percentage and Fit Curves for the non-contact technology of raybaby with respect to the clinically certified device. Results: With 760 hours of monitoring, 37404 breathing instances were analysed. This yielded an accuracy of 98%. 95% of the data points fell within the +/- 5 units error range which is usually followed by medical devices. Conclusions: Raybaby uses a ...